Антиколониальные войны второй половины ХХ в.
The chapter presents the history of the armed struggle against colonialism in the 1960—1990s. It analyses its specific new features as compared to the uprisings of the 1940s-1960s.
This article presents the latest developements in the racial policy of the South African ruling party, the African National Congress (ANC). The ANC which originally proclaimed non-racilaism as its goal has in practice been pursuing strictly racial agenda since coming to power in 1994. While the constitution of South Africa proclaims full equlity of representatives of different racial groups, in practice minorities are subject to discrimination in promotions and opportunities, denied the right to develop their business independently and often devoid right to be educated in their mother tongue. This policy when applied to business, both private and state, stifles the developemnt of the coutry and goes against the interests of the black majority. But the ANC continues this policy regardless.
The article is devoted to the policy of the South african governemnt in the sphere of enthno-racial relations and state and nation building. It analyses the ideological basis of racially tainted legislation and the text of the corresponding laws and of official documents of the ANC and the governemn.t
The article analyses the policy of South Africa's government in the sphere of nationality realtions.
The book covers the history of relations between Soviet Russia and South Africa, which, for many decades, remained hidden even from those who were a part of it. It is devoted mostly to the Soviet period, although the first, introductory, chapter presents the history of relations between the two countries in the previous three hundred years, and the last one the relations after the collapse of the Soviet Union and the establishment of the diplomatic relations. In the first part of the book the reader will find a detailed analysis of close ties between the Communist Party of South Africa and the Communist International, the activities of the South African NGO Friends of the Soviet Union, trade relations in in the 1930s and the cooperation and diplomatic relations during the Second World War. The second part of the book is devoted to the relations between the USSR, South African communists and the African National Congress during the cold war era: Soviet assistance to the ANC's armed struggle, its ideological influence on the anti-apartheid movement, as well as the analysis of both Soviet and South African ideological constructs concerning one another and their mutual policies towards one another. The last part of the book covers Gorbachev's perestroika period and the infuence of the changes in the USSR and of its collapse on the situation in South Africa and on the relations between the two countries.
This collective monograph is a study of one of the most important problems in today’s world: state and nation building in multi-ethnic and multi-national societies. It presents a comparative analysis of the experience of state and nation building in Russia and South Africa, two countries, which recently and practically simultaneously went through a period of abrupt social, political and economic transition. In both this transition resulted in an upsurge of ethno-national and racial tensions. Such an analysis is of great interest to all those who study similar problems both at an academic and practical levels.
The chapter is devoted to the life and activites of Jacob Zuma, South Africa's president from 2009.
This article examines the South African financial system for start-up companies, and focuses particularly on the support provided by the Khula indemnification scheme. Most research rests on the assumption that a lack of finance is the sole impediment to success of start-ups; however, it is unclear whether such government intervention can indeed foster successful entrepreneurial activity. We show that the current system provides profit making opportunities for both banks and consultants, but lacks focus on sustainable business development. There are incentives to create companies not in an attempt to be profitable, but rather as a means to gain access to government or government-backed money. We question whether a lack of finance is the primary obstacle to the formation of businesses. Instead, we argue that it is a lack of accountability and an insufficient application of business tools such as basic cost accounting that make entrepreneurs less creditworthy.