Актуальные вопросы теории и практики преподавания русского языка как иностранного.
The article is aimed at considering the key theoretical and practical approaches to teaching Russian as a foreign language. There is a brief description of the current situation regarding the functioning of Russian within the country and abroad as well as teachers’ role in promoting the language. The authors analyze the implementation of some teaching methods and techniques during the educational process and make some important conclusions based on interpreting the results of the survey conducted among foreign students.
A description of the nationally oriented training complex for learning Russian as a foreign language “V Dobryi Put’!” for German speakers which includes a textbook, an audio‑supplement, a video‑film and a test system is given. The computer-based training system, designed for this complex ensures effective teaching foreign students Russian phonetics, vocabulary, grammar, speech etiquette, and also facilitates the formation of the necessary communication skills.
The following new scientific statements and methods are described: (a) why it is necessary to differentiate the methods of teaching in accordance with preponderant values of the learners: pragmatic (material) values or sublime (lofty) values; (b) how to split young children in two groups: children with preponderance of pragmatic values and with preponderance of sublime values; (c) how to differentiate the methods of teaching for each of these groups; (d) what is cognitive engagement of the learners and how to achieve it at lessons for educational success in case of each of two values-homogeneous groups. The paper presents a new look at the process of education when the values of the student act like a lighthouse for the teacher at the moment of presenting material and arranging the process of education, the process of acquiring knowledge. As a result, a new psychological and educational paradigm is presented. This new paradigm expands theoretical foundations of cognitonics - a new scientific discipline aiming at compensating the negative shifts in the cognitive-emotional development of personality and society caused by stormy progress of information and communication technologies and globalization processes.
The collection of articles presents modern research and practice of Russian and foreign scientists and lecturers. The articles consider the problems, connected with the environment of the language, discourses and cultures in different communication environmnets, as well as cognitive modelling in the language ecology area.
Russia's participation in the Bologna process led to the need to adapt training programs for bachelors, as well as teaching methods in accordance with the need to build bachelors’ core competencies in management studies. In these circumstances it is important for both teachers and students to change the form of joint participation in the process of delivering and acquiring knowledge. The teacher cannot only translate knowledge, since in this case students should behave as independently functioning and decision-making subjects. Otherwise, they will not be able to master the necessary competencies and will not possess the qualities necessary for managers. One solution to this problem is using interactive teaching methods, such as role-playing, case studies, videos, case studies, business games, design methods, and others. All these methods are aimed at the acquisition and interpretation of experience. The “Learning by Doing” approach, which is the basis for interactive technologies, opens great opportunities for semantic construction of the educational process and bringing it closer to real life. When doing the research, the authors developed a model of competencies that are formed during the "Developing Management Decisions" course. In the analysis of interactive methods we correlated competences that are to be formed at the end of the course and those formed by means of using interactive methods. Besides, the authors developed and tested some role-playing and simulation business games. We developed and tested the "Interactive Lecture" method; we formed a sufficient database of interactive methods that are obligatorily included in all seminars. Moreover, we conducted studies eliciting managerial qualities that undergraduate students possess before and after interactive classes. Finally, we reviewed and analyzed the dynamics of these changes.