БРИКС и реформа международной валютно-финансовой системы
Problems of BRICS integration in the world monetary and financial system are examined
Youth are, by definition, the future. This book brings initial analyses to bear on youth in the five BRICS countries: Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa, which are home to nearly half of the world's youth. Very little is known about these youth outside of their own countries since the mainstream views on "youth" and "youth culture" are derived from the available literature on youth in the industrialized West, which is home to a small part of the world's youth. This book aims to help fill in this gap.
The handbook examines the state of youth, their past, present and permits the development of insights about future. The BRICS countries have all engaged in development processes and some remarkable improvements in young people's lives over recent decades are documented. However, the chapters also show that these gains can be undermined by instabilities, poor decisions and external factors in those countries. Periods of economic growth, political progress, cultural opening up and subsequent reversals rearticulate differently in each society. The future of youth is sharply impacted by recent transformations of economic, political and social realities. As new opportunities emerge and the influence of tradition on youth's lifestyles weakens and as their norms and values change, the youth enter into conflict with dominant expectations and power structures.
The topics covered in the book include politics, education, health, employment, leisure, Internet, identities, inequalities and demographics. The chapters provide original insights into the development of the BRICS countries, and place the varied mechanisms of youth development in context. This handbook serves as a reference to those who are interested in having a better understanding of today's youth. Readers will become acquainted with many issues that are faced today by young people and understand that through fertile dialogues and cooperation, youth can play a role in shaping the future of the world.
The object of the research of the work is the national banking systems of BRICS countries (Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa). Studying out the materials of the Russian and foreign authors connected with the development of banking systems of BRICS countries, allowed us to reveal the lack of an integrated approaches to the matter of studying. The value of the banking systems of BRICS countries for their modernization and innovative development practically didn't find the reflection in scientific works. The main objective of the conducted research was the identification of the major BRICS countries banks activities for the innovative development of their economy. For the achievement of the specified purpose there were carried out the analysis of the main activities of the banking systems of BRICS countries and the offers of the development of the bank activities directed on the modernization of the economy and introduction of innovations.
The present article is devoted to a legal regulation of investments in gas industry of Russia. The author points attention of the scientist on it its perspectives in view of BRICS, on the possibilities that this form of cooperation can provide. The object of the article is the characterization of the actual legal regulation and of the investment climate in general. In the conclusion the author proposes the new approach for cooperation in the domain of the gas production in Russia.
This is the third volume in a series of five books which bring together the results of intensive research on the national systems of innovation in the BRICS countries – Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa. This book looks at the relationship between small and medium enterprises and the national systems of innovation in the BRICS countries. It brings to fore crucial issues in the evolution and future trends of industrial or innovation policies for small firms: their scope, applicability, co-ordination, and main results, as well as the influence of macroeconomic, legal and regulatory environments. Taking into account the specificities and complexities of SMEs’ production and innovation systems, it seeks to inform research, policy design and implementation in the field. Combining original and detailed data, this book is an invaluable resource for researchers and scholars in economics, development studies, and political science, as well as policymakers and development practitioners interested in the BRICS countries.
The BRICS countries have come a long way in terms of science and related fields, but there is still much that the group could do concerning multilateral cooperation to encourage innovation and address its members’ common challenges.