Имя и титул
The article covers the description of the Arabic and Russian anthroponymy systems. As the information of linguistic and extralinguistic anthroponymy planes is multidimentional, not only idioethnic and universal features of national anthroponymy systems are illustrated by modelling configurations, but also an attempt has been made to offer a complex analysis of the materials investigated.
The europeanization of Russia under Peter I had a conspicuously carnival form. Characteristically, the reforms of Peter I, which were intended to turn Russia into a European country, in many cases began with carnival sport. Carnavalization, re-naming—all this manifested a general cultural program, which reveals the artificial character of the modernization of Russia. Russian official life turned out to be extremely carnivalesque. Carnival became an element of Russian court life; participation in carnivals was obligatory. Together with new clothing, new language and new habits, new aristoricratic titles were adopted, such as count or baron. In the context of carnival ceremonies such titles had an ambiguous character. The author attempts to demonstrate that the title of count could be understood as buffonesque in the Petrine epoch.
Prince of Wales is a title granted to the heir of the British monarch. This title belonged to the Gwynedd dynasty before the Edwardian Conquest of Wales. Changing of Welsh national identity was reflected in the titles of Welsh rulers.