ПРАВОВОЕ РЕГУЛИРОВАНИЕ МИНИМАЛЬНОЙ ОПЛАТЫ ТРУДА В РОССИЙСКОЙ ФЕДЕРАЦИИ И ЗАРУБЕЖНЫХ СТРАНАХ
This publication contains materials of the scientific conference on "The constitutional theory and practice of public authorities: patterns and deviations", held in April 2015 at the initiative of the Department of Constitutional and Municipal Law at the Faculty of Moscow State University Lomonosov.
The publication is addressed to teachers, graduate students, applicants, students of universities, scientists - employees of legal academia. It is lso of interest to those working or studying in the faculties of political science, philosophy and sociology of education, for deputies and members of staff of representative bodies.
The article is devoted to the Russian public administration. The emphasis is made on the Russian ministries activities. The main problems of the theory and practice of the ministries’ functioning are discussed. Attention is given to the system and structure of executive bodies, to the content and types of administrative acts. Historical analogies and the definition of some historical traditions in the work of ministries of the Russian Empire and modern Russia are conducted.
The article analyses the characteristics of small and medium sized enterprises and state policy towards SME in modern Russia – in the context of some rather unknown for the Russian experts evidences of last decades, formulated in the works of leading world researchers concerning the role of entrepreneurship, its conditions of development and institutional design of the state policy to promote entrepreneurial activity and innovations.
The article is devoted to improving the quality of education in prospective interdisciplinary areas of knowledge such as biomedical engineering. The experience of universities in the U.S.A. and Western Europe is described. Particular attention is paid to the content formation and certification of educating and training programs.
Permissions are the most common tools of regulation of public relationships in the sphere of state management in the modern world. They are widely used by the bodies of executive power in conditions of state setting of special regulations, standards. requirements, activities, resource usage under state control to ensure security and stability of economic and other social processes. This scientific practical manual, developed by researchers of Institute of legislation and comparative law under the Government of Russian federation analyzes various transformations of permissive system in Russian Federation.
In the manual definition and nature of permissive system are revealed, as well as legal status of subjects, providing permissive activities. Issues of modern state of legal regulation of permissive activities are inspected, and experience of foreign regulation of permissive activities is also analyzed.
In the current situation in Russia during the formation of the SME policy should be given the report that the mindless copying of foreign experience in support of the SME, which is presented in our country and, in particular, in Moscow, is not more than just a squandering of the budget. The failures in the development of the Russian SME sector are directly linked to this copy. The notable examples of this copying can be established in Moscow infrastructure to support the SME. As for the set of the infrastructure organizations to support the SME in Moscow - that it collects almost all the organizations at once from all developed countries, without regard to the realities of Russia and Moscow, with its corruption. While the development of Russian and, accordingly, Moscow small and medium business is being defined by more significant social, economic and political factors than the entire current, thoughtlessly copied from the practices of the developed countries, the Russian system of its state and municipal support.