Оценка влияния транспортных инфраструктурных проектов на пространственное развитие: применимость международного опыта в Российской Федерации
In this research the two mechanisms of the FDI distribution in Russian food industry companies are discussed. We investigate regional characteristics and their spatial lags as determinants of the process. To test the influence of these determinants on the probability to have more than 10% of foreign capital in a company we estimate the hierarchical binary-choice models on a sample of Russian food industry companies (from RUSLANA database, on 2009). According to the results, the hierarchical diffusion of foreign investors is motivated by the seeking of local market and by seeking of the efficiency through lower transportation costs and better investment environment. The local resources in innovations are not significant on this level. When the investors develop new regions they take into account almost all the investigated regional characteristics.
The problem of the ensuring safe production makes the analysis of the attracting foreign capital processes more important. In this research the two mechanisms of the FDI distribution in Russian food industry companies are discussed. The influence of regional characteristics and the spatial lags is investigated via estimating hierarchical binary-choice models (with logical complexification) on a sample of Russian food industry companies from RUSLANA database on 2009. According to the results, the main motives are seeking of local market, transport infrastructure and better investment environment. Subindusrtrial heterogeneity was also found, especially concerning to the resource-seeking motive.
In Russia, the question of development of transport infrastructure is the hot is-sue. It is not only a necessary requirement for innovation program of economic growth, created by the president, but also an improving the quality of life and competitiveness of national economy factor. Till now, no attempts were made to systemize and provide a clear and just classification of airports` infrastructure development. This study is to fulfill this gap. Such a classification of the world can be of great practical importance for all the evolving airports, wishing to reach the world level of innovations. The study attempted to identify the transitional moments in the development of airports from a simple airfield to a modern hub. It is anticipated that the results of this study will be applicable to most companies conscious of the problem; and therefore the recommendations of the study will be generic for the private investors, the government and all the stakeholders.