Виртуализация памяти об Афганской войне
This article refers to memoirs of high-ranking participants and witnesses of the war in Afghanistan (1979–1989) published in the 1990s: it singles out two departmental interpretations of the war by military and intelligence veterans and examines their influence on the study of the history of the war. The article takes an unprecedented look at important transformation in interpretations at the turn of the century. The authors provide a holistic picture which they define as a patriotic perspective and describe its elements. Also, the article demonstrates the main peculiarity of its formation and support, i. e. the use of interpretations of current international events to justify a positive assessment of the war in Afghanistan. The authors conclude that the formation of the patriotic perspective diminished the objectivity of knowledge about the war in Afghanistan and is probably going to further impede access to it. Together with this, the patriotic perspective has made it possible for the war veterans to complete their withdrawal from the war as they have given up disputes about the character of the war which endured from its start.
The article is devoted to the interpetation of the events of the Afgan war (1979-1989) in the songs of the group "Nesmeyana"
The Soviet-Afghan war was one of the bloodiest conflicts of the Cold War. Afghanistan was not only the battlefield of the Soviet-American system competition, but was also a place of more or less violent Encounter between "modern" Soviets and "backward" Afghans.
In this article, we analyze the peculiarities in commemorative traditions of the “Afghaners,” who find it difficult to express a coherent narrative regarding their war experience. We also look at public memory about them as part of the discourse on Russian war obituaries, which contrast with the discursive customs seen in NATO obituaries for British veterans. This contrast allows an evaluation of differences in these societies’ cultural productions of public memory. The essay concludes with a reflection on the Internet’s influence on public memory regarding the Afghan war; how it gives the war a new lease on life in the digital world, yet also brings a risk of re-evaluating the war and the its’ participants actions.
In this chapter, we consider the city as a space in which the collective memory of important events of the past are represented. Hostilities that a country has lived through hold a special place in people’s memory. They impose their mprint on the mind for generations and are reflected in city spaces as monuments, street names and other structures. This chapter analyses commemorative places associated with the Soviet–Afghan War and the Second World War. Modern trends in the creation of monuments are also examined. This analysis is based on the results of a project ‘Historical memory’ (in-depth biographical interviews with Russian ex-soldiers of Soviet–Afghan War and focus groups with 18-year-old students) and research using online materials (news feeds and photos of memorials and monuments).