Диагностирующая функция учебного теста
The competence of mathematical modelling is well conceptualized, thought a much-debated question is how to develop it in schools. International achievement test PISA consider mathematics achievements from the modelling perspective (formulating, employing and interpreting), and provides us with comprehensive data to analyze school factors in math results from the comparative perspective. The goal of our study was to estimate the effect of teaching practices on students’ achievements in different PISA mathematical processes while controlling prior achievements (TIMSS).
The article reveals the findings of the experimental work that has been done in order to compare three Russian educational systems (traditional system, Zankov’s system and the system of Elkonin- Davidov) in their potentials to develop the junior schoolchild intellectual abilities and personality traits. The complex of indices (intellectual abilities and personality traits) has been identified to examine the educational systems. They are the indices of attention, memory, thinking, imagination and personality traits (achievement motive, learning motives and empathy). As a result of conducted experiment of the students’ development in different educational systems it has been identified that each of examined systems are ‘developmental’ however each develops different mental functions and operations.
Now we have the need for methodics of teaching the topic "parallel computing" in secondary school. The paper presents a three-year experience of the author in this field: a methodical approach, the selection of materials, the business games, experience of tasks on parallel computing at the contest "TRIZformashka", classes of tasks, examples of tasks, program executors, texts for propaedeutic textbook on informatics.
The dynamics of views on human development is considered from the points of primitive human being development, infant and schoolchild development. The originality of views on development is reviewed as process of signification. It is emphasized that infant development concerns the internal mechanisms of mental activity formation and the acquisition of these mechanisms. The ability developmental process is addressed to intellectual operations acquisition that the schoolchildren acquire through the learning activity. The experimental data confirming the effectiveness of considered approach to mental development are given.
The article is devoted to inclusion of the topic "parallel computing" in the school informatics . Some methodical materials prepared in the course of work on the "Permian version" of a propaedeutic course of computer science (the author team is M.A. Plaksin, N.I. Ivanova, O.L. Rusakova) are described.