The article is dedicated to the work of S.Yu. Witte by rail. The period of his work in the joint-stock company of the South-Western Railways, his journalistic and expert activity in the railway field at this time is considered. The article provides an overview of Witte’s views on the system of railway freight tariffs formulated in his book Principles of Railway Tariffs for the Carriage of Goods (1883) and analyzed his views on the private and government railway facilities
The article analyzes and classifies the major historical-economic works written by economists from St. Petersburg Polytechnic Institute, and shows their role for the development of the national economic doctrine.