Сладкая жизнь. Распорядки женской половины Тирольского двора
The article focuses on the most famous Russian pre-modern autobiography The Life by protopope Avvakum (1621/22–1682) to discuss his wife Natas’ja Markovna as one of its essential characters. Being the leader of the movement against religious reform in the seventeenth century Russia, Avvakum composed his life story in accordance with hagiographical canon of the martyr to send a propaganda message to his followers. The figure of Natas’ja Markovna in his text also works for this aim. In accordance with women’s hagiographic canon she is portrayed as wife and mother completely subjected to her husband’s will and doomed to share all hardships of his life. Though Avvakum’s autobiography was widely read, this religious/social context was often understood as insignificant for understanding its meanings. The same is true for the figure of the protopopica, which was used by Russian scholars and writers of the twentieth century to establish a canon of the model wife.
A huge ccollection of studies of (late) medieval court orders.
The first detailed analysis of court orders of the principality of Tirol in the 15th century, as well as the court itself as reflected in this specific sort of sources.
The series of studies collected in theis book represent different approaches of their authors to the problem of privat life in the past.
In course of analysing the text of a new founded order (Hofordnung) of the "female part" of the Tirolean court in the 15th century, the author asks for patterns, that determined social vision of those courtiers and counsilors, who compiled such orders.
The history of formation of the new scientific discipline – women’ and gender studies in Russian science of the past – is represented in the article through the prism of creation of the united information and search resource – a database “Women’ and Gender History of Russia, 1800-2010”. The authors focus the attention on the absence of such nationwide catalogues and bibliographies, on the complexity of the information collectioning and its generalization, as well as on the methods of ensuring the gathered information in the tags and keywords. At the same time the article encourages to join to the network of the researchers who study the past through the aspect of gender, talks about the role that “The Russian Association of Women’ History Researchers” played in the development of the “new social history” – with the ascent on the history from the individuals till the large social groups.
The anthology provides a very first overview of the history of the Innsbruck Court from the 15th century to the end of the Ancien Régime, thus meeting a substantial research desideratum. It is the result of a colloquium that took place on 6 and 7 June 2002 in Innsbruck, organised by the Historic Commission of the Austrian Academy of Sciences and the Institute for History at Innsbruck University. No fewer than 13 authors from England, the Czech Republic, Russia, Italy, Germany and Austria analysed the functions, change and appearance of what was largely a residential court that has also had a lasting influence on the visual appearance of the city.
The first section analyses standards and representation, the second deals with the festivities at court and forms of symbioses of court and city, a third section examines the role and cultural transfer functions of women at court and a final chapter gives thought to questions of regional integration. The contributions give, for the first time, a greater preciseness to what was known of the Innsbruck court. In particular, it has made it possible to better determine the position of Tyrolean court society as a mediator and, the old topic of the city of Innsbruck as a conveyer of culture and as a transit station on the way to Italy, particularly during the Renaissance, was able to be identified more precisely. The Innsbruck court acted as a significant link in the intra- and inter-dynastic exchange of pre-modern Europe.
The article is centred on the court orders (Hofordnungen) of County of Tirol. Analysis of these documents allows to reveal important changes in the court life during the second half of the 15th century.