Labor migration in Russia
The article analyzes the temporary labor migration in contemporary Russia. Sources of information - data FMS of Russia, LFS sample surveys. Under the temporary migrants are understood not only foreigners, but also Russians, engaged in labor activities outside the region of residence.
The migratory situation in Russia in the 1990-2000th years is considered. Separate types of migration are analysed: repatriation, labor migration, internal migration
Demographic growth is an important factor of migration processes. Nowadays, its influence is best felt in sub-Saharan Africa, where the tempo of demographic growth is the highest in the world. The chapter discusses the impact demographic growth makes specifically on labor migration from Africa to economically developed nations.
The authors examine the processes of internal and international labor migration in Russia. Available sources of statistical information and a survey of studies allow us to define them as quantitatively comparable, but having pronounced regional differences. Despite the gravitation of both internal and international migrants to the largest cities, Russian temporary labor migrants more often go to work in the regions of the North and the East of the country. Russians and foreign migrants complement each other in the regional labor markets rather than compete. The results of the recent research conducted by Institute for Social Analysis and Prediction Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, used in the article, allow us to state that the social and economic effects of international and internal labor migration are similar. At the same time the significance of migration for the economy of households and local budgets in Russia is underestimated.
The first volume of the series “Demography. Sociology. Economics” is a collaboration of Russian scientists from the Center for Social Demography and Economic Sociology Institute of Social and Political Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences (Moscow, Russian Federation) and Turkish scientists from the Center for Migration Studies, University of Koch (Mr. Istanbul, Republic of Turkey). It presents research papers of young Russian and foreign scientists who took part in the international scientific and practical Summer School "International migration in the post-Soviet space: Challenges, models and effects", which was held at Koç University in Istanbul in June-July 2014. The book reflects the results of theoretical and empirical research of young scientists from eight countries: Russia, Turkey, Ukraine, Poland, Germany, Great Britain, the Netherlands, and Brazil. The book recommendation for students, postgraduate students, teachers, scientists and experts in demographic and migration sphere.
The article has evaluated the influence of labor migration on the prospects for socio-economic development (SED) within different Russian Federation (RF) regions, with a focus on Nizhny Novgorod. It notes that labor shortages are a function of the country's complex demographic condition, calling labor migration a significant factor in the RF SED. At this stage, the commentary refocuses on the main characteristics of labor migration in Nizhny Novgorod region: ethnic composition, qualifications, industrial requisites and ongoing needs for worker employment. The critique also delves into the projected contribution of migrants to both the gross regional product and the regional budget, exploring the territory's projected goal of attracting labor migrants. In the course of the discussion, the document has identified the aspects impeding comprehensive SED, primarily the host country's ratio of migrants to the general population. In parallel, the paper has provided a study into Nizhny Novgorod's balance of students to labor migrants, claiming that the relationship exhibits certain potential risks that could negatively impact on the projected regional SED. The blueprint posits, in conclusion, that the RF has to adopt certain migrant-worker-related mechanisms to improve the operational efficiency of its worker-integration procedures.