Геополитическая траектория государства: моделирование и прогноз
The role of the Arctic on the global geopolitical arena rose during the Cold War. With time, political rivalry gave the way to regional cooperation, but the Arctic remains a highly politicized area. In the twenty-first century, Arctic states waded into the ‘Arctic Rush’ for natural resources and political supremacy. Their geopolitical interests affect significantly the development of Arctic tourism. At present, the Arctic is in the foreground of Russian political agenda. It resulted in the rising interest in Arctic tourism as a means of promoting strategic and economic value of the Arctic. Current paper focuses on the case of the National Park ‘Russian Arctic’. Based on expert interviews, the results of the study reveal how political circumstances influence Arctic tourism development. Four aspects related to political context were identified: increased militarization, access restrictions, political tensions between Russia and global community, and interest of non-Arctic players in the region’s potential.
The book of HSE professor Alexander Obolonsky is devoted to political and administrative morality in different spheres of public life both in general theoretical, historical and contemporary aspects. The author considers the current condition of ethic in the current public life as a serious and dangerous obstacle for positive development of the society. The main chapters of the book are: the fundamental immorality of the Soviet regime, moral defficience of one-dimentional economical approach, political cynisism, geopolitics as a phantom of false consciousness, civil thrust and distrust to political authorities, ethic of civil society member, and specifical features of political, parlamentary, electoral, administrative and journalistic ethic.
The second part of the book includes a number of official documents; the ethical Coded and other regulations in USA. England, Canada and Russia.
This paper aims to explain the alternation of phases in the Soviet nationalities policy through developments in foreign policy, demonstrating the alternation of ‘soft’ and ‘hard’ waves. Drawing upon Randall Collins’ geopolitical theory within a broader historical macrosociology perspective, I examine the effect of geopolitical tensions on the patterns of nationalities policy. Collins argues that geopolitical stability positively affects multiculturalism, while periods of geopolitical tension are associated with assimilation. I test Collins’ theory using a dataset on USSR engagement in international conflicts between 1926 and 1991. The results conform to our theoretical expectations: international security issues have a significant effect on Soviet nationalities policy.