Приватизация публичного в медиапространстве
The article discusses the issues of urban public space in Russian cities in the context of the anti-electoral fraud protests in 2011-2012. The role of urban public space and its contestation has become central to the debate on the worldwide wave of Occupy movement, but it is important to contextualize the protest movements in national and local developments in public space use. Therefore, the article focuses on the post-socialist transformations of public space in Russian cities, St. Petersburg and Moscow. Attitudes, representations, and perceptions of public space are studied on the basis of media analysis (including mass media, blog entries, as well as official documents). The analysis shows, that the importance of the space in Russian anti-electoral protests in 2011-2012 was significant, the protesters strived to reclaim the central and symbolically loaded parts of the city, and thus regain the political authority as well. The way of reclaiming the space is now not only organizing rallies and protest street actions, but also a variety of direct actions aiming at transforming the urban space.
This research is devoted to the analysis of various methods which are represented by the most perspective for the analysis of content of modern media space.
Article is devoted the analysis of features of use of case texts in modern media space. Features of use of case elements in various kinds of communications are considered.
The article discusses the post-socialist developments of urban public space in St. Petersburg, Russia. The city with a historic center protected by the UNESCO World Heritage status in combination with the Soviet legacy of lack of public participation is facing the problem of public space development. There are two controversial concepts of urban space represented in the public discourse that are analyzed in the article: the concept of a ‘museum city’ and the ‘city for people’. The historic context of transformation (the Soviet period of the strict divide of public and private, and the post- socialist era of individualization and the decay of the public) is used to explain the current debate and difficulties of building an inclusive and tolerant model of public space in St. Petersburg.