Философия сознания М. Мамардашвили: говорить о сознании на языке самого сознания
The novel «What is to be done» of Nikolai Chernyshevsky is a novel about «new people». Perception and their own affair become the basis of their life. The love to themselves and to the people around, the statement that the beautiful is life, the breadth of daring deeds and courage are their main qualities. Chernyshevsky had written the novel about the young people of his time. But it is to be wondered that features of the novel's characters exist in our contemporaries. The article discusses the "affair" of each of the characters, and draws a parallel with the present day.
This article is devoted to conceptual translation of the terms "transcendence" and, connected with the former, "symbol". Difficulties which appear in the translation of those concepts into the language of contemporary culture are due to the fact that the terms are descriptive, not explanatory. This indicates a special type of ontology, that refers to Plato. Symbol, which is at the same time transcendent and immanent, will be analyzed through the examples of Merab Mamardashvili's philosophy and Andrey Tarkovsky's films. Their understanding of symbol is linked to Pavel Florensky's philosophy of art and Pseudo-Dionysius's theology of symbol.
The article is the response to Mikhail Nemtsev's article published in the same issue. Author proposes to weigh up actual relevancy and significance of the so-called 'Soviet philosophy". The way of its development, in his opinion should be understood as a gradual self-development in hostile ideological environment leading to formation of professional philosophy in the USSR. Studies in unusual personal histories, proposed by Nemtsev, would not be beneficial in the research.
The philosophy of Mamardashvili can be presented through the prism of his philosophical style. A special place in the analysis of his ideas has been devoted to the mediative — “intermittential space of the ego” or the theory of symbols. In the research not only is the symbolic theory of Mamardashvili and Pyatigorsky analysed, but a comparative description of this theory with such concepts as transcendentalism and transcendence.
The author analyzes Dostoevsky's ideas about confession and theodicy and shows how they were influenced by Vladimir Solov'ev and St. Augustine
The present catalogue contains abstracts for some 150 volumes, among which books, periodicals, miscellanies, published by the Institute of Philosophy of the Russian Academy of Sciences, the principal institute in Russia for academic research in all kinds of philosophical knowledge. These works, written by eminent Russian scholars, cover such fi elds as the history of Russian, Western and Oriental philosophy, ethics and aesthetics, synergetics and epistemology, social and political philosophy and concentrate on problems that have attained particular importance in the age of globalization and growth of national self-consciousness.