Alaskan Russian: The story of the Ninilchik community as told by its language
The paper describes a corpus of dialectal Russian speech under development. The corpus relies on interviews conducted by a joint Swiss-Russian team in the summer of 2013 in a small cluster of North Russian villages with the goal of studying the local dialect from a sociolinguistic and dialectological perspective. The interviews are transcribed into standard Russian and thus do not involve a detailed phonetic representation. The text is then lemmatized and grammatically annotated with standard tools and fed into a corpus. The corpus can be queried via a web-based interface which provides the user with access to the original sound recordings on a per-utterance level. This design, the paper argues, allows for a rapid development of the corpus without a major loss in usability, since the audio data are readily available. Future plans include more field trips as well as a more convenient interface providing, among other features, for user correction of the transcription.
The paper deals with the Russian-speaking communities which consider themselves to be a separate cultural or ethnic groups. Community members seek for specific cultural properties, including a different language, to prove their new identity. Specific language features are manifested in the dictionaries of these languages that people from the communities compile. The principles of the compilation of such dictionaries will be discussed using as an example the so called “Katsky language dictionary”.
The second issue of the collection of articles is devoted to actual problems and new methods in the history of the USA in modern Russian American studies. The specialists from Moscow, Kursk, Orel, Tambov, Saransk, Astrakhan, Kirov and also from Belarus (Minsk), Ukraine (Kiev) and USA (Pennsylvania, Illinois) created it. It became international as a matter of fact. The mutual cooperation of different specialists in the American Studies: historians, philologists, culturologists, politologists, lawyers will be a special feature of this collection. There are different articles on actual questions. There are articles on domestic and foreign policy of the USA in 18-21 centuries. It has works on the history of American journalism, literature, theatre and law. The authors used new methods of studying: narrative, discourse, gender, interdisciplinary, comparative analysis and computer investigation of statistics. The collection of articles will be interesting and useful to researches, lectures and teachers, post-graduates and students, and also those who are interested in the problems of the USA.