О роли научного знания и научных сообществ в процессах публичной политики.
In the article three combined methods of decision-making, based on the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP), are offered. Using these methods it is possible to take into account problem situations and to process the views of several experts. These AHP modifications are adapted to the Expert Decision Support System (EDSS). There is comparative analysis of the results of AHP, combined modifications of AHP and EDSS.
The book contains selected revised papers from the 21st NISPAcee Annual conference "Regionalization and Inter-regional Cooperation", Belgrade, Serbia, 16-18 May 2013, organized in cooperation with the Faculty of Organizational Sciences, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia.
The paper discusses the factors affecting the activities of civil society institutions such as think tanks. Ways in which they can impact on political decision making process. Attention is paid to "window of opportunity" and the available communication channels to these organizations.
Analytical justification of decision options using decision support systems (DSS) significantly improves the quality of decisions. The use of the currently existing DSS, which usually includes one or two decision-making methods, does not always lead to the desired results, since each method is based on certain assumptions and is not universal. The noticeable effect is achieved when many decision-making methods are included in one DSS knowledge base. The systems that meet these requirements belong to the class of Expert Decision Support Systems (EDSS), which currently includes more than 50 decisionmaking methods. Expanding the EDSS knowledge base, made by including new methods in it, allows choosing the most suitable solution method for each decision-making task. Addition of the decision table model, which is the basis of the system knowledge base, allows developing EDSS without completely processing the system program code. The ELECTRE methods were adopted for expanding the EDSS knowledge base. The basis for the selection was their key feature, which consists in the fact that they do not use the alternative valuation convolution operation given in different scales according to individual criteria. The article shows the adapted algorithms of the ELECTRE family methods ready for inclusion in EDSS. The algorithm is proposed for obtaining a criterion matrix being based on alternatives that serve as input information for the ELECTRE methods in cases where there is no objective information to fill it. The results of the study can be used to develop EDSS, that open the way to analytically substantiate solutions using methods that were not previously used in the system.
Belarusian Yearbook 2013 presents a comprehensive analysis of the key developments in the main sectors of the state and society. Since its inception a decade ago, the Belarusian Yearbook has evolved as a crucial annual initiative of the Belarusian analytical community to compile, conceptualize and present a chronicle of Belarus contemporary history. Contributing to Belarusian Yearbook 2013 were independent analysts and experts, as well as specialists representing varios think tanks, including the Belarusian Institute for Strategic Studies (BISS, Vilnius, Lithuania), the Research Center of the Institute for Privatization and Managment (Minsk, Belarus), NOVAK Axiometrical Research Laboratory (Warsaw, Poland), the Belarusian Ecomomic Research and Outreach Center (BEROC, Minsk, Belarus), the Center for Eastern Studies (Warsaw, Poland), the expert community of Belarus Nashe Mnenie (Our opinion), the Agency of Humanitarian Technologies, the Independent Institute of Socio-Economic and Political Studies (IISEPS), eBelarus Research Center, Agency for Social and Political Expert Appraisal.
The textbook focuses on information support of a decision making process: problem statement, typical stages, approaches to modeling of decision making conditions, as well as consequences of different alternatives selection. The role of expert estimates is examined. Such estimated are used for determining probabilities of problem situation, determining experts' coefficients of competency, forming estimates of the alternatives. The features of group decision making are considered. Special attention is paid to decision support on the strategic management level, in the conditions of changing and hardly predictable environment. Approaches to modeling of problem situations related with possible states of the environment in the future are examined in details. The history, current classification and perspectives of development of modern decision support systems, as well as their role in the integrated management information system are considered. In the textbook different decision support information systems (including ones developed in HSE Department of Business Analytics) are described. Description of the information systems are accomplished by the examples of their practical application. Business cases that are close to real decision making tasks are also examined. The textbook is compliant with current requirements of the Federal standard of higher education and may be useful for students, postgraduates and teachers working in the field of management, decision support and management information systems.
The term “civil society” in Russia is often taken to refer to civic organisations and movements created during and after the break-up of the Soviet Union, and is sometimes equated narrowly with “NGOs” – registered non-government, non-commercial, or public organisations. This paper attempts to look at civil society more widely. It considers both registered organisations and more spontaneous/informal civic actions; and follows local experts in challenging the idea that Russian civil society began in 1989–91. The paper considers both recent developments on the ground, and analyses by historians, sociologists, and political scientists that go back to soviet and pre-soviet periods.
In the article the results of the Expert Decision Support System (EDSS) development are presented. It is argued that analytical justification of alternatives may be executed relying on different decision making methods in the conditions of risk and uncertainty. Transferring of EDSS to a new technological platform, as well as addition of the interface in English allows to increase the number of users that can work with the system simultaneously.