Новые и старые модели родительского участия в развитии системы детских садов
This volume consists of a collection of essays devoted to study of the most recent educational reform in Russia. Large-scale changes have been effected in finance, structure, governance and curricula. At the same time, there has been a renewed and widespread appreciation for the positive aspects of the Soviet legacy in schooling. The essays presented here compare current educational reform to reforms of the past, analyze it in a broader cultural, political and social context, and study the shifts that have occurred at the different levels of schooling from political decision-making and changes in school administration to the rewriting textbooks and teachers' everyday problems. The authors are Russian educators, who have played a leading role in implementation of the reform, and Western scholars, who have been studying it from its very early stages. Together, they formulate an intricate but cohesive picture, which is in keeping with the complex nature of the reform itself.
The practices of multi-actor child care is described and analyzed in the article. The empirical base is survey of Muscovites with children of 3 to 5 years old in November 2012. The results of the research have showed the significance of the kindergarten services as the institutional service that allowed parents to continue their professional careers. Along with that, the survey has revealed unequal distribution of child-care duties between mothers and fathers. According to opinions of parents, mothers are perceived five times as more involved into child-care than fathers. It is adjusted to the fact of different strategies of job search and placement. Mothers find a job with working hours that is in accordance with preschool schedule, fathers don’t taking into account this point. The policy of compensation for families which children don’t attend the kindergarten is discussed in the conclusion.
The article examines trends in wage and budget expenditures for salaries of teachers of preschool educational institutions after the adoption of the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation dated 7.05.2012, No. 597. The article also includes results of interviews and focus groups with managers and teaching staff of kindergartens conducted in 8 subjects of the Russian Federation
The research is aimed to elaboration of the tools to measure the parental evaluation of the municipal preschool service, as a part of complex evaluation of preschool sector of education. The research needs are related to increasing number of types of preschool service providers, appearing nongovernmental providers, competition growing, including municipal sector. On the qualitative part, the individual interviews with parents (N=30) are conducting, the gathered data will be analyzed: coded, classified, and conceptualized to identify scope of parent’s evaluation criteria and parent’s meanings of that criteria.
"Children and society: social reality and innovation" is a collection of more than 170 papers by Russian sociologists from different regions of the Russian Federation, Ukraine, Poland, Kazakhstan, Germany at the all-Russian scientific-practical conference with international participation "Children and society: social reality and innovation". The book presents studies of regional offices and the scientific committees of the Russian society of sociologists, research teams, supported by the Russian Foundation for Humanities, groups of educational institutions, which deal with the problems of education, health, family and childhood, ecological and ethnonational problems of childhood, culture and social life in terms of processes of transformation and modernization of the Russian society. The13 parts of the book-lit topical issues of implementation of National strategy of action for children for 2012-2017. That‘s presented actual wide field of contemporary assessment and examination of public policies and civil society efforts to improve the situation of children in the Russian Federation for sociologists, protection of children‘s rights, consideration of the ability of children as independent subjects of social life