Борьба миролюбивых сил США против введения всеобщей воинской повинности и обязательного военного обучения (1946 -1948 гг.)
The article analyzes the postwar mass campaign in the U.S. for the return the army home and against the adoption by Congress of the law of peacetime conscription and compulsory military training.
Folding of the American historical experience proceeded dramaticly, but brought important lessons for the development of all mankind. XXXIV International Conference of the Russian Society for the Study of American Culture, entitled "Display and interpretation of history in the culture of the United States", helped to analyze the dynamics of the processes associated with the perception of the history of North American cultural figures.
In the article are discussed basic issues of the procedure of the conscription in Russian Federation, fox example work of the conscription commission, rights and duties persons subject to conscription and also controversial issues of the regulatory of the conscription.
The yearbook published materials about the period from the end of XVIII to the middle of XX century. The authors examine a wide range of problems - from the ratification of the Constitution in 1787 in Massachusetts to the so-called American university novel. The reader will find little-known travel impressions of poet Balmont from a trip to America in the early XX century. Under the heading "America and Russia" a comparative analysis of the relationship of Russian and American to aborigines, examined the activities of the Soviet scientific, technical and industrial intelligence in the U.S. during the Second World War. Canadian themes represented by articles on the protection of fur seals in the Russian -Canadian relations at the turn of XIX-XX centuries. and the evolution of the Canada -Mexico bilateral relations. In the " Bibliography " are works on the history of the United States and Canada, published in Russian in 2007-2008 . For historians, political scientists and all those interested in the history of America.
In this article we are talking about the early development of the educational process in one of England's North American colonies. Pennsylvania attracted many immigrants from Europe by its religious freedom. Moving to a new land, Europeans from different countries brought their way of life, including various systems of education. Therefore, at the end of the beginning of the XVII-XVIII centuries there were several different types of schools. The national education system, which appeared only in the XIX century has absorbed much of the colonists created.
The second issue of the collection of articles is devoted to actual problems and new methods in the history of the USA in modern Russian American studies. The specialists from Moscow, Kursk, Orel, Tambov, Saransk, Astrakhan, Kirov and also from Belarus (Minsk), Ukraine (Kiev) and USA (Pennsylvania, Illinois) created it. It became international as a matter of fact. The mutual cooperation of different specialists in the American Studies: historians, philologists, culturologists, politologists, lawyers will be a special feature of this collection. There are different articles on actual questions. There are articles on domestic and foreign policy of the USA in 18-21 centuries. It has works on the history of American journalism, literature, theatre and law. The authors used new methods of studying: narrative, discourse, gender, interdisciplinary, comparative analysis and computer investigation of statistics. The collection of articles will be interesting and useful to researches, lectures and teachers, post-graduates and students, and also those who are interested in the problems of the USA.
The author analyses Russian military reforms of the late 19th and early 20thcenturies and their infl uence on the effi ciency of the army and the behavior of the lower ranks in military action. Strategic failures of the national army in the early twentieth century are explained by the fact that even in the modernized armed forces military service was not the same for all groups of citizens. These aspects of the Russian experience are compared to military reforms among the Great War’s other belligerents. The notion of the military as ‘the armed nation’ came in two variants. In Great Britain, the 1916 law on universal conscription and the eff ective mobilization of the civilian population became possible due to the high levels of public support for the political system, the proclaimed values of their country, and a national-civil identity. The German model, by contrast, was built on the foundation not of political integration but of the nation’s identifi cation with its army. Russia chose this model but was unable consistently to implement it, primarily because of the extremely low literacy rate among the lower social classes. The low quality of recruits made it necessary to maintain long periods of service for most of the lower ranks. This resulted in a lack of loyalty on the side of the conscripts, and in a negative attitude not only towards military service but also towards the state that established the heavy standards of military duty. The feeling of social injustice was reinforced by the spartan regime that lower class soldiers encountered, while well-educated conscripts – as a rule, from the upper strata of Russian society – were treated better. This discontent increased during the unsuccessful war, further alienating the mass of the conscripts from autocracy and its army
Women have been integral to the development of printing and journalism in North America since the earliest settlers landed in the New World . 26 women worked as printers during colonial period. The women printed in their printing officers not only newspapers, almanacs, pamphlets, broadsides, leaflets, but many blank forms. These included all types of legal documents used in the indenture of apprentices, the sale of slaves or real estate, drawing up of wills and letters of administration, ships' bills of lading, and so forth.
This article is about one of the most radical sects of independents — quakers. The English Govenment considered quakers to be a danger to the state and began to persecute them. As a result a lot of quakers went to the North America and founded their own colony there.
The article deals with some issues of the military records in the Russian Federation, for example, a procedure of military records and its types, rights and duties of persons being subject to conscription and controversial issues of the legal regulation of the conscription.