Экспрессивы: мнения и решения
The article represents a review of the opinions of the Russian and foreign researchers of the nature and essence of the expressive speech acts. The author also analyzes the viewpoints on the delimitation of the class of expressives and deduces her own classification of relevant speech acts.
The article elaborates an illocutive-interactional classification of speech acts forming the minimal unities of the pragmatic module of french dialogical discourse. The criterion of this classification is pragmatic modality understood as a category including two varieties: a) illocutive modality embracing all the components of the utterance connected with the expression of locutor’s intentions; b) interactional modality characterizing the degree of interlocutors’ involvement and representation in the act of communication.
The article focuses on the aspectual verbal form of performative verbs 'swear' and 'promise' in the proposition of commissive utterances. The author emphasises the aspectual verbal forms relating to three temporal perspectives: present, future and past. The author also highlights the frequency and features of temporal perspectives in the proposition of verbs 'swear' and 'promise'.
The paper describes the necessary metaphysical grounds and central points of J. Searle’s general theory of social reality. It shows how in a world of physical particles and fields of force, the diversity of social life is constructed with the help of one kind of logical and linguistic operations, i.e. declarations of status functions.
This collection of articles includes papers based on materials of reports, delivered at the International scientific and practical seminar "Media texttas poliintentional system" ( December 7-8, 2011, the Higher school of journalism and mass communications of St. Petersburg State University). All presented works are devoted to a key practice of media speech to a problem directly connected with formation of communicative competence of the journalist, PRexchange and the advertisement maker, therefore with development of the contents and a technique of teaching at journalism faculties. The edition is addressed to experts in media linguistics, high school teachers, students of the corresponding specialties, specialists in public relations and advertizing.
This paper deals with the Semantics/Pragmatics distinction in a contrastive ethnolinguistic aspect. I argue for the validity of this distinction based on cross-linguistic data. My claim is that the specificity of the so-called language key words [Wierzbicka 1990:15-17] - linguospecific items particularly representative of a given language speakersђ mentality - is due to pragmatic rather than semantic peculiarities. These pragmatic peculiarities distinguish the key words both from their synonyms within the same language and their counterparts in other languages. The languages under discussion are Russian and English, analyzed within a combined frame of Integral Language Description model [Apresjan 1995:8-238] and Wierzbickaђs ethnolinguistic approach.
This article is devoted to the analysis of verbal peculiarities of communicative strategy Directive in English discourse. The historically formed peculiarities of English-speaking communicants’ attitude toward the ways of expressing directive are also distinguished in order to highlight their culturological originality. The main focus is directed towards the lingual expressions of directive in different communicative situations. Considerable emphasis is given to the means of softening and avoiding of direct imperative constructions as part of the strategy of distancing. The empiric material for our research is represented by authentic literature of English-speaking countries of the 21-st century.
This article represents the results of creating the structure of psychotherapist's speech intentionality in the practice of cooperation with the client. Basing on the methods of a systematic, typological and structural analysis, and also on the fundamental psychological research it reveals that the specifics of the speech utterances of intentionality psychotherapy, reflecting motivational and communicative determinants of work of psychotherapists of different psychotherapeutic approaches. Classification of intentional psychological characteristics of speech represents by the specific objects of orientation, categories, classes, and specific intentions.