О современных исследованиях творчества Н. Бердяева
Articles and materials, gathered in this collective work, were presented in international scientific and educational seminar “Eschatos: Philosophy of history in context of “the Limit-conception” (Odessa, September-October 2011). Historians, philosophers, culturologists from Ukraine, Russia, Israel, France and Uzbekistan were involved in the discussions. Researches in this collective work are devoted to the concepts of disruption of time in Late Antiquity, Middle Ages and in Modernity. Especial block consists of materials of the round table devoted to the problem of “intellectual contraband”.
For a wide range of humanitarians who are interested in the problems of theory and philosophy of history, place of historical knowledge in contemporary world.
The author refl ects upon the book The Sources of cultural-historical psychology: philosophical-humanitarian context by V. Zinchenko, B. Pruzhinin, T. Schedrina. Moscow, 2010.
This paper outlines peculiarities of the use of organicistic allegories by representatives of the German historical school of law — F.K. Savigny and G.F. Puchta. On the wide range of texts on the philosophy of history and the history of law written by contemporaries (Fichte, Hegel) and precursors (Herder, Vico) it is shown how the comparison between history with human life can perform different functions depending on the methodological presumptions of the authors.
The article deals with the clauses or preconditions of language and culture acquisition. Following G. G. Shpet, A. A. Uchtomsky, M. Heidegger, N. A. Bernshtein and V. V. Bibikhin, the author qualifies them as «pre-experiential origin». This «origin» is regarded as direct intelligible intuition, spiritual integral, non-differentiated unity: I understand, I think, I can. Spontaneous character of this origin does not mean its primitiveness. Non-mediated pre-experiential origin develops in its differentiation that comes to life in joint activity, in interflowing communication giving birth to multiple forms of culture-mediated behavior. Development of these forms hampers perception and understanding of the world in its immediacy but also enriches these acts. Interchange and interaction of the immediate and the mediated is regarded as a necessary condition of human development and productive activity. The author questions the idea of division psychological functions into natural and cultural (higher), assumed in cultural-historical psychology.