The complex phenomena of the individual creative activities as well as the historical development of scientific knowledge are under consideration from the point of view of the theory of self-organization (synergetics) in the book. Synergetics is characterized as a new research programme in a wide philosophical, cultural and historical context. The synergetical reinterpretations of some peculiarities of the creative thinking, such as the alternative ways and the scenarios, the latent attitudes and the predeterminations, the self-completing of whole images, are proposed here. The synergetical view of historical development of scientific knowledge is compiled in the book from the notions of the principal nonlinearity and cyclic character of science development,the inertia of the paradigmal consciousness in science, the value of marginal and archaic elements in science. For readers who are interested in evolutionary epistemology and the philosophical problems of synergetics.
Imagination as a problem of evolutionary epistemology is in the focus of attention of the authors of the book. Achievements of the modern cognitive science, life sciences, and neuroscience are involved in the analysis of this traditional epistemological problem, i.e. the problem is under discussion here in the interdisciplinary prospects. The ability of productive imagination is considered in the connection with the newest studies in creativity, the human creative capabilities. The consideration of imagination is placed in the context of the modern discussions of mental imagery, of perceptive thinking, of the role of visualization in mind's games, in the mental processes which take place in different states of consciousness. Imagination is studied in connection with the problems of individual, bodily and spiritual, cultural and social components of the cognitive processes.
The book considers S.L. Frank’s contribution to philosophical understanding of F.M. Dostoevsky’s ideas and their representation in the European intellectual world. The authors present cultural, historical and philosophical context of Frank’s references to Dostoevsky’s works and shows the influence of Frank’s world view on the philosopher’s formulation of the crisis of humanism and understanding of man, religious consciousness and theodicy, the relationship between Russian and European spiritual types. The circumstances of Frank’s lecturing activity and his publications devoted to Dostoevsky are discussed in detail. Along with the authors research, the book provides new material, including three articles and several lecture notes from Frank’s archive (originals in German and translations), as well as the notes from a course on Dostoevsky’s world outlook which Frank gave at Berlin University in 1931.