Бюджетное финансирование образования. Информационный бюллетень
Estimating mincer-type wage equations on the micro-data of Occupational Wages Survey, 2007 we first receive estimates for returns to higher education for all regions-subjects of Russian Federation. Our results show that interregional differentces in returns are very large in Russia. Returns to higher education received from the estimation of basic mincerian equation lie in the range from 32 to 140% (from the average wage of workers with secondary education), and the country level of return equals to 65%. Variation in estimates based on an augmented wage equation (which additionally includes industries and ownership) is much lower, but it still remains quite substantial: estimates differ from about 60 to 150%, and the country level of return equals to 90%. In this regard, the standard approach producing one estimate of return to education for the whole country seems to be a serious simplification, and an answer to the question what is the level of return to education in Russia is no more trivial.
отдача от образования, РЕГИОНЫ, РОССИЯ, Return to Education, Regions, Russia
Student flows in Russian education system Presented is a flow chart of students in the Russian education system in 2008. Shown are the flows between the main education levels as well as between the education system and the labor market. The chart can serve as a useful tool in analyzing the structure of demand for specific education levels and of education trajectories, as well as for estimating the funding needs of education system. The author provides a detailed analysis of the sources used to develop the chart, including a discussion of their specific features and limitations.
Some problems of the logical process of forming of the social partnership institute are described in this article. This process is convinced as result of the evolution of professional education system. The basic stages of starting this process are evaluated including the forming of special legislation in Russia. Also the prospects of development of social partnership institute are estimated.
Institutions affect investment decisions, including investments in human capital. Hence institutions are relevant for the allocation of talent. Good market-supporting institutions attract talent to productive value-creating activities, whereas poor ones raise the appeal of rent-seeking. We propose a theoretical model that predicts that more talented individuals are particularly sensitive in their career choices to the quality of institutions, and test these predictions on a sample of around 95 countries of the world. We find a strong positive association between the quality of institutions and graduation of college and university students in science, and an even stronger negative correlation with graduation in law. Our findings are robust to various specifications of empirical models, including smaller samples of former colonies and transition countries. The quality of human capital makes the distinction between educational choices under strong and weak institutions particularly sharp. We show that the allocation of talent is an important link between institutions and growth.
Students' internet usage attracts the attention of many researchers in different countries. Differences in internet penetration in diverse countries lead us to ask about the interaction of medium and culture in this process. In this paper we present an analysis based on a sample of 825 students from 18 Russian universities and discuss findings on particularities of students' ICT usage. On the background of the findings of the study, based on data collected in 2008-2009 year during a project "A сross-cultural study of the new learning culture formation in Germany and Russia", we discuss the problem of plagiarism in Russia, the availability of ICT features in Russian universities and an evaluation of the attractiveness of different categories of ICT usage and gender specifics in the use of ICT.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.