The concepts of social changes coined by classical sociology may be incorporated as the basis for the elaboration of social prognostication models which, in turn, may suitable for fashion forecast applied technologies development. In the framework of the given paper fashion is described as the phenomenon of collective behaviour. The principles of long-term fashion trends forecast are shown to be in line with the concepts of cyclic development.
The paper summarizes the principal trends and outcomes of coping research in psychology and presents the results of 3 studies (N=590) aimed at Russian-language adaptation of the COPE inventory (Carver, Scheier, Weintraub, 1989). The results indicate the reliability and structural, convergent, and discriminant validity of the inventory. The structure of the test was supported by confirmatory factor analysis. Coping strategies showed predictable associations with subjective well-being, self-regulation, and personality resource indicators. Gender and age differences in self-reported coping strategy use are presented. Specific coping strategies were associated with academic performance, self-regulation effectiveness, and psychological well-being in people with disabilities.
The results of research of different areas of personality of homeless men: values, life attitudes, activity, homelessness area is presents. The data indicate the presence of a number of characteristics inherent in varying degrees all homeless people. The data obtained can be used to build an effective program of psychological re-socialization of homeless people.
In 2006, Russia amended its competition law and added the concepts of ‘collective dominance’ and its abuse. This was seen as an attempt to address the common problem of ‘conscious parallelism’ among firms in concentrated industries. Critics feared that the enforcement of this provision would become tantamount to government regulation of prices. In this paper we examine the enforcement experience to date, looking especially closely at sanctions imposed on firms in the oil industry. Some difficulties and complications experienced in enforcement are analysed, and some alternative strategies for addressing anticompetitive behaviour in concentrated industries discussed.