Археография музейного предмета : материалы Междунар. науч. конф. Москва, 16-17 марта 2012 г.
In this article history of university periodicals is approached as a history of practices of state administration, self-regulation of university corporation, professional self-organization, and normalization of different aspects of the university life. Research for this article has been carried out in the archives of Moscow University and Kazan University, and in the manuscript divisions of these universities’ libraries, as well as in the Archive of the Ministry of Public Education. Documents preserved in these collections reveal intentions of the publishers and circumstances surrounding the appearance of various periodicals in the first half of the nineteenth century. Another group of historical sources analyzed in this article consists of publications in university periodicals themselves. The authors show how the state policies regulating the market of the university press, on the one hand, and initiatives of university professors, on the other, influenced the configuration of the corporation of the university faculty, its internal hierarchies and accepted criteria of academic excellence. The article seeks to answer the question how politics and content of university journalism stimulated academic competition and created reputations.
This article presents original and previously unpublished documents from the case of Van’ka Kain (1741–1748). Van’ka Kain was a notorious Moscow criminal who surrendered at the end of 1741, declaring his wish to help the police round up his former associates in crime. More than one hundred criminals (professional thieves, criminal hideouts’ keepers and fencers for stolen goods) were arrested by Kain and the soldiers in a few days’ time. Kain was rehabilitated in the spring of 1742, becoming an official informer and detective of the Sysknoi prikaz (Office of Criminal Investigation). In such capacity he assisted in the apprehension of his past confederates, professional thieves, until 1748. The materials of his case published in this article for the first time contain unique and comprehensive information on the Moscow underworld of the 18th century.