Platforms and innovations: In search of efficiency and effectiveness
The article covers innovations in stategical logistic managment of a trade company: defining the optimal number of branches depending on the demand. All parameters in the model are dynamic: the cost of delivery, the cost of storing and the cost of rent of the warehouse. In the model were used the modified method of fuzzy cluster analysis, genetic algorithms, theory of optimal control. The model was applied for an alcohol trade company for which it was estimated the optimal number of branches on the territory of Russia with several variants of their accommodation. For all branches it was calculated the schedule of deliveries and the changes in warehouse’s capacity.
Purpose: Life satisfaction is an important social indicator of life quality of the population. Modern researches show that income is one of the most significant components of life satisfaction. The article describes the Easterlin paradox with regard to Russia, provides a statistical analysis of the relationship income, wealth and the level of life satisfaction in Russia. The article presents the main theoretical concepts which used in the economics of happiness and for analysis of empirical models. Methods. Еconometric methods and statistical analysis (cluster analysis and a binary choice models) are used. To evaluate the income effect on life satisfaction in Russia marginal effects of income and probability increment of life satisfaction were estimated based on binary choice model of RLMS for 2012. Results: А family, gender (men are happier than women), good health, own car has a positive effect on life satisfaction. On average income has a positive effect on life satisfaction, but this effect is nonlinear. The results confirm the adaptation effect with saturation point in 60000 rub.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.