Цифровая трансформация отраслей: стартовые условия и приоритеты
In a report prepared by the Institute for Statistical Studies and the Economics of Knowledge (ISSEK) HSE highlights the key issues of the digital transformation of the economy and society — the nature of the ongoing changes, measurement capabilities and industry specifics of digital transformation. Seven key sectors of the Russian economy and social sphere are considered - industry, fuel and energy complex, agriculture, construction, transport and logistics, financial sector, healthcare. For each sector, it is shown what digital transformation is, what are the key trends and potential effects, which technological solutions play the most significant role, how to accelerate the transformation processes and what kind of state support is particularly important.
The article reviews the problems of using an electronic document (i.e. legally significant computer information) as a necessary tool for building a digital economy. This problem becomes of special importance in terms of implementation of distributed computing in the interests ofmodern technologies, including Big Data,Artificial Intelligence, Blockchain, Industry 4.0,Industrial Internetof Things,Virtual and Augmented Reality technologies, etc. The authors showthat in case of development and adoption ofthe Law "On Electronic Document", we can link the concepts of "Electronic Document" and "Data Message", and can identify several categories of Computer Information (Electronic data interchange) having asignificance: specified Computer data, traffic data, stored Computer data, traffic data,content data.
The 11th International Conference on Theory and Practice of Electronic Governance (ICEGOV2018) took place in Galway, Republic of Ireland, between 4 and 6 April 2018. The conference was held under the high patronage of the Department of Public Expenditure and Reform (DPER), Government of Ireland. The Insight Centre for Data Analytics, part of the National University of Ireland Galway, co-organised ICEGOV2018 with the United Nations University Operating Unit on Policy-Driven Electronic Governance (UNU-EGOV), which is also the conference series organiser1. The conference organisation was also supported by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the Science Foundation Ireland (SFI).
The article is about venture capital fields, it analyzes volume of venture investments dynamics in Russia, European countries and in the USA in the context of different economic industries. The author suggests typology of industries depending on the use of venture capital by comparing their attractiveness, ease of production, nature of activity and type of investor.
Proceedings of a meeting held 21-22 November 2018, St. Petersburg, Russia.
Digital business transformation is a priority for Russian companies in all industries. To develop a company to its full value in the digital environment, it should include an IT department capable of meeting business needs. Evaluation of the current state of the IT department in terms of digital transformation will determine the company’s potential for further development. This article presents a solution to the problem of assessing the IT department’s readiness for digital business transformation by developing a quantitative assessment of the maturity level of the IT department processes for meeting the needs of the enterprise. The approach to solving this problem consists in the joint use of models for assessing the digital maturity of the enterprise as a whole and models for assessing the maturity of the IT department processes and herein is the scientific novelty of the results obtained. At the first stage of the study, based on the analysis of modern information and digital management practices, as well as on the study of approaches to assessing the digital maturity of the enterprise and the processes of the IT department, INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND TECHNOLOGIES IN BUSINESS 64 BUSINESS INFORMATICS No. 2(44) – 2018 we developed the requirements for the IT department maturity model of digital business transformation. The study identified the prospects for IT departments that affect its maturity level, developed a model for quantifying each perspective and a model for calculating the minimum level of maturity of the IT department to achieve the expected assessment of the company’s digital maturity. To assess the willingness of IT departments to digitally transform business, a regression equation of IT department maturity level is constructed from the influencing prospects (factors). The results of approbation of the model are presented.
The collection contains articles that were published as a result of the work of the 7th International Scientific Interdisciplinary Conference on Research and Methodology Institute of Foreign Languages (RUDN University). The main goal of the conference - to reveal the diversity of functional aspects of intercultural communication within the process of world education integration, to focus on translation and interpreting issues in the conditions of the modern society.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.