Agriculture Digitalization and Organic Production
This book features selected papers presented at the First International Conference on Agriculture Digitalization and Organic Production (ADOP 2021), held in St. Petersburg, Russia, on June 07–09, 2021. The contributions, written by professionals, researchers and students, cover topics in the field of agriculture, biology, robotics, information technology and economics for solving urgent problems in digitalization of organic livestock and crop production. The conference is organized by the St. Petersburg Federal Research Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences (SPC RAS) and the Technische Universitat Kaiserslautern.
The book will be useful to researchers of interdisciplinary issues of digitalization and robotization of agricultural production, as well as farmers and commercial companies, which introduce new technologies in crop production and animal husbandry. The book also covers a range of issues related to scientific training of graduate students in the areas of "Mechatronics and robotics", "Control in technical systems" and "Technologies, means mechanization and energy equipment in rural, forestry and fisheries”.
The article proposes methods of assessment and identifies regions of Russia that have highest potential for sustainable development for organic milk production. Regions of the European part of Russia are divided into groups based on their production potential and the dynamics of development of selected sub-sectors of agriculture. These regions were grouped and assessed for their comparative advantages of milk production relative to crop production. Comparative advantage index has been applied. Specific requirements for organic milk production were considered in the developed system of indicators. Regions were ranked in accordance to these indicators and assessed for the prospects of the development of organic production. The calculated index of comparative advantage as well as the rating results showed that the regions of the Northern Black Earth region have a comparative advantage of organic milk production and objective prerequisites for a sustainable increase in its production. Potential investors may consider this as an argument in a decision for the location of organic milk production. Those comparative advantages will support regional authorities’ decision in prioritizing support for agricultural sub-sector and will increase the efficiency of budget funds.