Пандемия как глобальный вызов: социально-экономические и правовые аспекты
Faced with the new realities of functioning in the context of the spread of the COVID-19 virus, Russian business has demonstrated various facets of adaptation to the current conditions. The lack of studied cases of business reaction to such conditions, the high speed (almost daily) changes in the environment, the confusion of society, the negative impact of the current crisis on the economy of all countries - all these were prerequisites for the need for scientific study of the formed phenomenon. The study is devoted to the analysis of practical patterns of behavior of entrepreneurs of medium and small businesses in the era of COVID-19 and to identify the strategies they used to adapt to a hostile business environment.
The problems faced by universities in the context of the coronavirus pandemic are considered. The necessity of transition of education to distance learning is shown. The features of the organization of independent work of students in universities are revealed. Presented the lessons of the "stress test" of universities in the context of a pandemic
The legal analysis of the consequences of the new coronavirus infection COVID-2019 affecting contractual relations has been carried out. The circumstances that prevent the fulfillment of contractual obligations are investigated. The issues of terminological and lexical uniformity and compliance of civil law norms regulating force majeure circumstances, a significant change in circumstances, circumstances leading to the impossibility of fulfilling an obligation, modern realities are raised. The features of the fulfillment of contractual obligations in the conditions of an epidemiological situation, restrictive measures and a self-isolation regime are revealed. The author comes to the conclusion that the consequences caused by the new coronavirus infection COVID-2019 can be recognized as the basis for the release of subjects from responsibility for non-fulfillment of contractual obligations. At the same time, force majeure circumstances do not automatically entail the termination of obligations, and the subjects of contractual relations should strive to minimize risks by acting in good faith. When making a court decision on specific cases on the debtor's liability, a special role is assigned to the causal relationship between force majeure circumstances and non-fulfillment of obligations.