Мониторинг экономики образования
The implementation of the public policy strategy in the field of pre-school education has had a huge impact on the development of the logistical base of educational organizations implementing pre-school education, childcare and care programs, which has helped to attract children of different age groups to the system of pre-school education. The provision of pre-school education based on supply and demand analysis is considered, and differences in the type of locality and federal districts are identified. The material uses Rosstat's data for the last 60 years based on the results of federal statistical observations based on retrospective indicators of the annual "People's Economy of the RFSR" since 1958.
The results of the analysis confirm not only the expansion of the segment of educational organizations implementing pre-school education programs and the increase in the number of pupils, but also the increase in access to pre-school education. The negative impact of competition in rural education has been revealed.
It has been proven that the imbalance between the supply of pre-school education programmes in rural areas and the demand for them, which necessitates the creation of new places or the elimination of unclaimed ones, leads to unreasonable budgetary expenditures. To avoid them and to achieve efficient use of places, it is necessary to develop reasoned forecasts of the demand of potential consumers, formed on the basis of population control, pre-school children and pre-school education in rural areas.