In Umbra: Демонология как семиотическая система. Альманах. Вып. 8
In the almanac "In Umbra: Demonology as a Semiotic System," the works devoted to "lower" deities and demons are presented. The concept of invisible tempters, pests, and disease agents plays a vital role in different cultures. With their help, many disasters and cataclysms are explained, from personal to global. In traditional societies, spirits are perceived as natural neighbors of a person, relations with whom determine much in cultural life. Demonology develops on all "levels" of culture: from written literature to folklore, from medieval miniatures to computer games. The almanac "In Umbra" is dedicated to the images and plots associated with the lower spirits in world religions, folklore, art, and literature.