Proceedings of the 2019 IEEE International Conference "Quality Management, Transport and Information Security, Information Technologies" (IT&QM&IS)
The IEEE Russia North West Section and the European Centre for Quality (Moscow) are pleased to present the Proceedings of the 2019 International Conference "Quality Management, Transport and Information Security, Information Technologies" (IT&QM&IS). The Conference was held in Sochy, Russia on September 23–2, 2019. The Organizing Committee believes and trusts that we have been true to the spirit of collegiality that members of IEEE value whilst also maintaining a high standard as we reviewed papers, provided feedback and now present a strong body of published work in this collection of proceedings. The themes for this year's conference were chosen as a means of bringing together academics and industrialists, engineering and management research, manufacturing and teaching, and providing a basis for discussion of issues arising across the engineering and business community in relation to Quality Management, Information Technologies, Transport and Information Security aimed at developing engineers and managers for the future. The goal of these proceedings has been to present high quality work in an accessible medium, for use in a wide community of academics, engineers, managers, and industrialists, the community united by the key words Science, Education, Quality, Innovations in engineering. To achieve this aim, all abstracts were blind reviewed, and full papers submitted for publication in this journal of proceedings were subjected to a rigorous reviewing process.
This paper presents the system of the recognition and segmentation of objects which is based on an effective method for semi-controlled instance-aware segmentation of video and images. The system allows to achieve high quality forecasting of segmentation annotations for video frames while processing in real time. For this purpose a neural network model was proposed in the form of a Siamese deep network with a structure “encoder-decoder” which is designed to take advantage of both propagation-based and detection-based methods while avoiding the weaknesses of both approaches. The network was trained in a two-stage training process that uses both synthetic and real data and works reliably without online training or post-processing. The quality of the trained model was tested on training video.
In this paper the authors describe an algorithm for ensuring the accuracy of radio electronic devices operating in conditions of extended ambient temperature ranges. A mathematical apparatus for taking into account the coefficients of heat loads on electronic components is presented when analyzing their technological deviations. The purpose of this work is to create an algorithm for calculating the limiting value of the coefficient of heat load, which will provide the specified value of the indicator of the accuracy of radio electronic device in the form of a deviation for the output characteristic. The peculiarity of solving the problem of accuracy in this work is to consider the problems of analyzing the technological deviations on the parameters of electronic components, taking into account the deviations not only on the output electrical characteristics, but also on the temperature of the cases of electronic components.
The paper proposes morphological models for the analysis of complex electronic systems quality criterion. The reason for resorting to morphological models is the need to increase attention to improving the quality and reliability of electronic systems in the early design stages. At the same time, many difficulties of mathematical modeling of the investigated heterogeneous physical processes occurring in electronic systems are solved. In this paper, the unification of the notation and the image of components based on analogies of mathematical descriptions. In linear synthesis morphological models in the form of connection of multipolar systems are offered. But they allow you to explore the electrical, mechanical and thermal processes only in linear approximation. In contrast to this representation, the paper also proposes unified view of morphological models in the form of a hypergraph, which will cover nonlinear cases.
In the projects of space electronics, because of its constant complication, the existing methods of the Foresight involving qualified specialist designers of electronic equipment as experts, no longer provide guaranteed solutions for ensuring important reliability indicators. In this paper, the authors propose to select computer programs and carry out comprehensive modeling to increase the efficiency of the expert panels at the stage of technical design of space electronic equipment. Thus, experts receive complete information about the physical processes in future electronic equipment. Considering this information, they make decisions on the use of these or other advanced technologies, and can also more reasonably express their proposals on synthesized approaches to creating electronic equipment for long periods of its use in space. This method should be referred to as the Foresight Modeling method. This paper describes the basics of the theory of this method and gives an example of an algorithm for the Foresight Modeling of thermal processes in the design of an electronic power supply system. Taking into account the resource of this system, experts can more accurately judge the long-term existence of new-generation spacecraft.
The article deals with the problems of ensuring functional, informational and cyber security for vehicles and transport infrastructure facilities. The analysis of the factors causing the growth of threats to the transport sector has been carried out, the list of typical cyber attacks on the components of the transport infrastructure is given. The results of the analysis of the features of automated process control systems of technological processes of vehicles and transport infrastructure facilities are presented. Recommendations on the development of transport security systems are given taking into account the specifics of various types of transport
The most important component of a modern product quality control system is automated measuring devices, which exclude subjective errors during the control according to an approved method. When mass production of electronic products such tools are developed in accordance with the production technology and the life cycle of specific products. For independent quality control laboratories that carry out orders for selective control of product parameters, the use of such tools is practically excluded. In our opinion, it is advisable to equip such laboratories with automated measurement systems based on commercially produced measuring devices with the ability to quickly adapt to changing the control procedures at the program level. The paper explores the possibilities of using digital oscilloscopes of the MSO1000 series and generators of the DG1000 series as components of a measuring laboratory, analyzes the basic capabilities of these devices, and provides fragments of instrument control code for their integration into a single automated measurement system. As an example of practical implementation, the process of automated measurement of the transfer characteristic of an optical angular displacement sensor using the API functions of the Rigol MSO 1000 digital oscilloscope and the specialized transfer characteristics processing libraries is shown.
The article discusses an integrated approach to the design of EM, taking into account the provision of electromagnetic compatibility parameters. The article considers the original approach with the help of which the study of general integrated noise immunity is carried out because of the criteria providing noise immunity and noise immunity. The stated principles of the design approach allow us to solve the problem of applying optimal circuitry and design solutions in the design of noise-resistant and noise-resistant EM.
This article formulates the problem of analysis of contact disturbance spectra in order to assess their effect on radio communication quality in traveling vehicles. Radiating circuit equivalent diagram is considered. Radiating circuit electrical parameters are evaluated using an example of truck body. Radiating circuit current modeling has been performed and its spectrum obtained.
The paper is devoted to the research and development of a contactless optical sensor for instrumental means of product quality control. The paper presents results of the study of sensitivity of incoherent optical OTDR type sensors to the angular displacement of the reflecting surface. The results of experimental studies of the transfer characteristics of the sensor with transceiver modules of various configurations are presented. Variants of the structure of the measuring channel of the sensor to obtain the maximum range of measured angles are offered. The influence of non-informative parameters on the measurement results is analyzed. The results of mathematical modeling of the angular displacement sensor based on the laws of geometric optics are presented.
The article deals with the problems associated with the widespread introduction of digital and information technologies in various sectors of the economy of the Russian Federation, including in the transport and logistics sector. Digitalization and informatization of the transport complex, logistics processes that were perceived not so long ago as something far from reality, today are the basis of modern transport business processes prove their necessity and efficiency. The paper analyzes various informational technical transport systems (ITS) of transport and transport infrastructure management, and shows that the implementation process is not quite systematic on Russian roads. It is shown that the lack of common standards and technological platforms leads to the emergence of a number of problems, such as electromagnetic and information incompatibility, unacceptable threats and risks, cyber security, organizational disunity, inconsistency and chaos of ITS management. It is shown that to create and ITS transport industry, it is necessary to promote a unified set of standards, a single technological platform, use the principles of system engineering and build an IT architecture and infrastructure. Not timely adoption of integration measures may further lead to a traffic collapse, or Russia's lag in the development of intelligent transport and transport infrastructure.