История Российской полиции в именах и датах
The article focuses on the project of local administration known as the ‘governor program’ of Alexander I. It was implemented in the interior provinces of the Russian Empire in 1819. The project intended to unify the system of governorgeneral mediation, and it was dismantled at the start of Nicholas I’s rule. Using the fundamental idea of the project, the Emperor wanted to re-organize administration of Russian governorates. The study of Governors’ documentation (1828, 1837, 1842, 1853), its contents, and gendarme’s reports allows us to reconstruct the imperial regional policy, based on the specificity of administrating separate regions of the Russian Empire.
The sources of the work are legal acts of Complete Collection of Laws of the Russian Empire of the XIX century, documents of the Russian State Historical Archive, the National Archives of the Republic of Tatarstan. The analysis of regulatory and archive sources allows to suggest that April, 23 1733 is the creation date of Kazan police, trace the historical of its development in XVIII – beginning of the XIX centuries, determine the spheres of interaction of Kazan police and central authorities
The prospects of various interdisciplinary researches, the problem of the unity of scientific knowledge, the possibility of translating methods from one discipline to another, the impact of digitalization on various fields of scientific knowledge, the acceptability of general approaches to science management, in particular, to the evaluation of scientific productivity are debated in the discussion on the limits of methodological convergence of natural-scientific and social-humanitarian knowledge. The debaters Н.N. Knyazeva, G.L. Tulchinsky, V.G. Kuznetsov and N.M. Smirnova comment on each other’s positions, point out the strengths and weaknesses in proponents’ justification, agree on a number of issues, and indicate the main theses and arguments for each position, groping for prospects for further development of the discussed issues.
Within a brief historical period, BRICS as an inter-State association has become an influential player in the world economy and politics. BRICS is a primarily political entity, and in that regard, the BRICS grouping correlates with the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO). However, not all the expectations placed on the SCO by the founding countries at the time of its creation in 2001 have been met so far. The question is to what extent expectations may be fulfilled in case of BRICS.
The article identifies the effect of personalization of politics: its definition is given, the determinants and possible consequences are considered. That effect is illustrated by some features in the Asian and European style of modern political leadership.