This article sets out to describe the current situation in the social housing sector in Russia. The author presents the historical background of social housing in Russia, it’s development and current conditions in the context of the transition from planned housing sector to one governed by market relations. The article also contains the analysis of the key structural elements of the social housing sector and expert evaluation of how well the social housing works as a mechanism for improving the housing conditions of the poor and vulnerable groups of population. The important role in the article is given to the legal status of social housing tenants, rent-setting policies and the problems of social housing finance. The main development opportunities and the main challenges for housing policy are revealed in the final sections of the article.
Since 2003, by decision of the Presidium of the Higher Attestation Commission of the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation, « Scientific Works of the Free Economic Society of Russia» are included in the «List of leading scientific journals and publications» produced in the Russian Federation in which basic scientific results of dissertations for the degree of doctor and candidate of sciences should be published.
This volume intends to fill the gap in the range of publications about the post-transition social housing policy developments in Central and Eastern Europe by delivering critical evaluations about the past two decades of developments in selected countries’ social housing sectors, and showing what conditions have decisively impacted these processes.
Contributors depict the different paths the countries have taken by reviewing the policy changes, the conditions institutions work within, and the solutions that were selected to answer the housing needs of vulnerable households. They discuss whether the differences among the countries have emerged due to the time lag caused by belated reforms in selected countries, or whether any of the disparities can be attributed to differences inherited from Soviet times. Since some of the countries have recently become member states of the European Union, the volume also explores whether there were any convergence trends in the policy approaches to social housing that can be attributed to the general changes brought about by the EU accession.
Proceedings of papers presented at the Joint Workshop on Borderlands Modelling and Understanding for Global Sustainability carried out under the auspices of three international associations of researchers: 1) ISPRS - International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing; 2) IGU - International Geographical Union; 3) ICA - International Cartographic Association.
The article is based on the results of a quantitative survey of school graduates from small and midsize towns of Russia and on the materials of expert interviews (conducted in 2015 and 2018). It is concluded that over 90% of modern 11th-grade students of midsize and small towns are going to get a higher education. However, the majority of school graduates associate the implementation of these plans and their further career development with migration from hometowns. Migration intentions are higher among school students from small towns. Educational and migration strategies of young people correlate with their academic performance, parental education level and material prosperity of their families. The leading migration’s directions are the large cities, including their own regional centers. The choice of their own regional centers (or rejection of them in favor of other large cities) is influenced by the location and territorial proximity of the hometown, availability of wide range of universities and further employment opportunities in the regional center. The most successful school graduates move to Moscow and St. Petersburg, and there is almost no chance of their return to hometowns.
Limiting factors of transport development in Siberia and the Far East are the different natural zonal and azonal factors, as well as particularity of economic and social development of these territories. The quality of transport communication between Siberia and the Far East and the rest of the country, as well as within the region in the 1990s is sharply deteriorated. Transport tariffs increased, while the intensity of air traffic decreased and a number of areas were cut off from the national system of land communication. Therefore, the study of current transport situation in the regions of Siberia and the Far East, particularly remote or isolated from the main territory of the country is important. The combination of permanent climatic and changing socio-economic factors excludes the universalism in implementation of the transport strategy of a particular territory. This study is granted by Russian Geographical Society and Russian Foundation for Basic Research №24/2018/RGO-RFFI, leader S.А. Tarkhov). Database of the intensity and nature of transportation in the 2 regions-keys – Krasnoyarsk and Sakha (Yakutia) Republic – was compiled. Its analysis conducts the macro-zoning of the level of transport connectivity, to identify isolated local and regional transport systems, and to distinguish their main types.
Within a brief historical period, BRICS as an inter-State association has become an influential player in the world economy and politics. BRICS is a primarily political entity, and in that regard, the BRICS grouping correlates with the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO). However, not all the expectations placed on the SCO by the founding countries at the time of its creation in 2001 have been met so far. The question is to what extent expectations may be fulfilled in case of BRICS.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.