Труды Института востоковедения РАН
West Circassian expresses semantics of pain and close meanings both with specific verbs and with metaphorical expressions. The experiencer is most often expressed as the possessor of the localization of pain, which normally appears as the argument of the verb. Regularly, pain expressions employimpersonal verbs, which are, however, prone to reanalysis, since impersonal constructions proper are not typical for West Circassian.
The article discusses the Tocharian A token pāśrāk <*>, the existence of which was previously only hypothetical, and the meaning remained unknown. Basing on the analysis of contexts, we concluded that the word pāśrāk <*> is found in the descriptions of the sacred mountain Meru and has the meaning "ledge, terrace". It is suggested that the cognate of the Tocharian A pāśrāk <*> is the Tocharian B hapax legomenon paśrāk.