Оттенки черного: культурно-антропологические аспекты взаимовосприятия и взаимоотношений африкано-американцев и мигрантов из стран субсахарской Африки в США
Today, in the United States of America, two communities with sub-Saharan Africa genetic origins – African Americans, descendents of those Africans brought to America as slaves, and the migrants from sub-Saharan Africa, who have come to the US voluntarily mainly since the 1990s – exist side by side but have different histories and occupy different positions in American society. Members of these groups have both a great deal in common and much that separates them, and much of what separates them lies hidden in the assumptions about and attitudes toward each other. This book explores the history-rooted mutual images of African Americans and contemporary African migrants and discloses how these images influence the relationship between them. The book is based on the field evidence collected in 2013–15 in seven states in thirteen towns and cities from African Americans, natives of twenty-three African states, black natives of five Caribbean nations, and non-black Americans involved with African migrants and/or African Americans. Apart from doing structured interviews with black intellectuals, it was especially interesting to roam around ‘black’ neighborhoods and talk with common people – street vendors, storekeepers, hairdressers… The research has shown that the relationship between African migrants and African Americans resembles the simultaneous attraction and repulsion of two magnets. They both understand that among all the ethno-racial communities in the country, they are the closest to each other, but their many cultural differences arise immediately when they interact because of mutual attraction; those differences are then ‘translated’ into the ‘language’ of images of the other culture, causing mutual repulsion. Being in accordance with general trends in Anthropology and African Studies, this book at the same time contributes to the research of an understudied topic and helps understand better the contemporary American society.