Война в американской культуре: тексты и контексты
In the discussion field of the conference, with the participation of philologists, historians, political scientists, culturologists, linguists, the problems of reception and interpretation of the war in various historical and methodological discourses, the ratio of factual and fictional, real and imaginary wars in historical retrospect, the influence of sociocultural and international contexts on military discourse in literature, historical reflection in the text about the war, as well as various mechanisms for the formation and maintenance of collective th memory of Americans about the key wars in US history (War of Independence, the Civil War 1861-1865, World War II, the Vietnam War.) and an appeal to the imaginary past for solving modern domestic and foreign policy problems.
The article is devoted to the severe winter 1777-8, which American army had to spend in Valley Forge. Сonditions of life is the main interest. Scantily dressed soldiers had to build huts and then live in them. Meager food was one more problem for commander-in-chief. The situation was aggravated by distrust to G. Washington after his three defeats during autumn of 1777. A significant role in solving everyday problems played women – campfollowers, which were forced by economic and military circumstances to seek refuge in a military camp, because they had nowhere else to go. They washed, sewed, cooked, looked after ill and wounded soldiers. Women from surrounding farms brought products to the camp. Also officer’s and general’s wives arrived to the camp, but they treated to staying in the camp as to winter seasons - the time for formal receptions, dinners and dances.
The article concerns several books by Norman Mailer. The works analysed are all devoted to WWII, the Vietnam War, the Iraq War. Mailer touches upon real events and depicts conflicts at all levels. The author concludes that originating contradictions in literary interpretation the wars become an object for the writer who asks questions about why Americans need these wars for.