La crisis del modelo cortesano: el nacimiento de la conciencia europea
This book deals with the study of the court system during the XVII-XVIII centuries, which is not considered as the beginning of a new era, but as the end of a way of living and understanding the world. With these premises, the crisis of the values that underpinned the court system and the birth of a new social and political order is studied. A new approach to the traditional interpretation of the crisis of the Old Regime and the origin of the Contemporary Age is used.
In the eighteenth century Russian cultural information on Spain was scarce and came from books of European authors, mainly Protestant, translated into Russian, which had the anti-Hispanic character, based on the "black legend". The "hommes des Lumières" also built the idea of Spain as a country that came to complete decay which would be never overcome. The completely different image was forged by Russian travelers, although they were few. This article deals with the vision of Spain of Russian diplomats, two plenipotentiary ministers of Russia in Madrid, Baron Otto-Magnus Stackelberg (1767 - 1772) and Stepan Zinoviev (1772 - 1794), who collected all kinds of information about the functioning of institutions of the country, government and administration, church and education, justice and aristocracy, portraying the domestic and foreign policy, economics and culture.