XVII Апрельская международная научная конференция по проблемам развития экономики и общества: в 4 кн.
Perception of higher educational institutions (HEIs) as engines for regional growth has preoccupied the minds of scholars and policymakers for a considerable timespan already, while the “Triple helix” model has marked the departure from an “ivory tower” university to a proactive entrepreneurial entity. Taking cue from the international trend umpteen political initiatives in Russia have emphasized government support aimed at augmenting “innovativeness” of universities and local industry. Moreover, imposed publication and R&D intensity requirements, higher salaries demanded by academic staff as well as student mobility have deemed purely teaching functions increasingly unsustainable. This poses a challenge for HEIs, especially in less innovative regions where the divergence between Academia and industry is quite pronounced and opportunities for technology transfer are limited due to relatively weak entrepreneurial milieux.
This research attempts to determine to what extent regional socio-economic conditions and absorptive capacity of local budiness modify innovation potential of mid-range HEIs and how the latter can contribute to regional and local innovation systems in less innovative Russian regions. The rest of this paper is structured as follows. The first section offers a regionalized perspective on HEIs’ entrepreneurial activities and links HEIs’ research performance to the overall level of innovative activity within the home region. In the following section methodology and data employed in the research are presented. The next section presents quantitative data analysis of Russian HEIs and discusses major findings. The penultimate part highlights the implications of the study and suggests solutions for mid-range HEIs, and the last part concludes.
Over the past few decades, the Internet has developed into a vast global market with 24 hour availability. The growing Internet penetration rate, the increasing number of internet-enabled devices and the ever-increasing use of the Internet have provided prospects for eCommerce. The usage of the Internet for selling and purchasing has changed buyer-sellers relationshiP. 94% respondents from Russia shop on-line at least once a year [Internet shoppers’ expectations..., 2014]. Nowadays, developing countries are the main reason for the greatest increase of online shoppers. Growing number of online purchases explains the importance of studies in this sphere. An effective online shopping strategy should revolve around understanding the behavior of consumers along with their attitudes because of active participation of consumers in the value creation process.
The purpose of the study is to examine attitudes of Russian consumers toward online shopping. Based on the conducted literature review, a conceptual model of determinants of attitudes toward online shopping was developed and empirically tested. This study posits that attitudes of young consumers from Nizhny Novgorod toward online shopping are mainly influenced by convenience, perceived risk, marketing factors, personality traits, and the ability to compare.
The evident patterns of rise that are followed by declines of the macroeconomic variables repeated over known fixed periods of time within the data set are considered to be seasonal fluctuations. Author considers such issue as performance decline as an important problem that needs to be solved. Though the regularities are studied by economists who use time series to measure the patterns and to make predictions for concrete industries, there is a lack of seasonality management literature. The paperwork presents theoretical background for seasonal operation management of adhocracy structures in tourism and sets framework for further research.