History-oriented systems are becoming more and more important element of the information environment of historical science and education. The article deals with the status and trends of history-oriented systems on the level of concepts, development approaches, content, sources, and other parameters. Several types of systems are characterized. Special attention is paid to the research potential of the resources and their means of instrumental support for various types of historical researches. The electronic catalog "History-oriented information systems" (digitalhistory.ru) was used for the research. The catalog contains more than 800 Russian and foreign resources created in 1990—2015 and about 500 publications.
The paper presents the results of a project devoted to the creation of a digital edition of Leo Tolstoy's complete works. Our primary source is the 90-volume critical print edition of Tolstoy's oeuvre. We discuss the rationale for semantic markup of metadata for three classes of texts: works, letters and diaries. We extract information from the critical apparatus and supplement it with some new additional markups that enable visualizing the evolution of Tolstoy as a publicist. We show that the named entity index constitutes a valuable knowledge base, which can serve as a basis for generating a knowledge graph that is more detailed and systematic than the open linked databases like DBpedia.
The article examines main trends, forms and results of cooperation between the laboratory of historical and political information science of Perm State National Research University and the library of Perm regional museum in preservation and research of historical sources, improving access to them. The authors give the description of jointly implemented projects, show their importance in information support of historical science.
The paper argues that we should rethink the relation between facts and scholarship in the humanities. This thesis should not be misunderstood as an argument for unreflective positivism. But new technological developments in the 'digital humanities' suggest that the collection of facts in machine-readable form (e. g. as 'nanopublications') facilitates new strategies for interpreting, visualizing or archiving information in the humanities. The paper discusses a concrete application of these insights in the history of philosophy, namely the use of nanopublications as an instrument in 'collective doxography'.
Provincial periodicals are widely used in regional studies. At the same time, collection of newspapers and their parts are often scattered in different museums, libraries and archives that hinders access of researchers to them and creates a completeness problem of the information source. Digital editions and information systems provide the solution of this problem as well as preservation of historical source.
Talks from a Digital Humanities conference held in Perm in 2018.
The paper is focused on the study of reaction of italian literature critics on the publication of the Boris Pasternak's novel "Doctor Jivago". The analysys of the book ""Doctor Jivago", Pasternak, 1958, Italy" (published in Russian language in "Reka vremen", 2012, in Moscow) is given. The papers of italian writers, critics and historians of literature, who reacted immediately upon the publication of the novel (A. Moravia, I. Calvino, F.Fortini, C. Cassola, C. Salinari ecc.) are studied and analised.
In the article the patterns of the realization of emotional utterances in dialogic and monologic speech are described. The author pays special attention to the characteristic features of the speech of a speaker feeling psychic tension and to the compositional-pragmatic peculiarities of dialogic and monologic text.