АНАЛИЗ ДАННЫХ. Учебник для академического бакалавриата
The hypothesis stating that the distribution of sunspot groups versus their size ($\varphi$) follows a power law in the domain of small groups was recently highlighted but rejected in favor of a Weibull distribution. In this paper we re-consider this question, and are led to the opposite conclusion. We suggest a new definition of group size, namely the spatio-temporal ``volume'' ($V$) obtained as the sum of the observed daily areas instead of a single area associated with each group. With this new definition of ``size'', the width of the power-law part of the distribution increases from 1.5 to 2.5. The exponent of the power-law is close to 1. The width of the power-law part and its exponent are stable with respect to the different catalogues and computational procedures used to reduce errors in the data. The observed distribution is not fit adequately by a Weibull distribution. The existence of a wide power-law part of the distribution suggests that self-organized criticality underlies the generation and evolution of sunspot groups and that the mechanism responsible for it is scale-free over a large range of sizes.
The rapidly increasing heterogeneous information volumes make it acute to generalize large amounts of data in order to be able to make strategically proper decisions. Information flows aggregation using traditional analytical tools is becoming difficult. As a result, a lot of new automated data analysis applications, including text-mining tools, are developing. The system of intellectual text data analysis iFORA, developed in ISSEK NRU HSE, is an example of such tool. iFORA capabilities are demonstrated on the beet sugar analysis case.
This volume is the supplementary volume of the 14th International Conference on Formal Concept Analysis (ICFCA 2017), held from June 13th to 16th 2017, at IRISA, Rennes. The ICFCA conference series is one of the major venues for researches from the field of Formal Concept Analysis and related areas to present and discuss their recent work with colleagues from all over the world. Since it has been started in 2003 in Darmstadt, the ICFCA conference series had been held in Europe, Australia, America, and Africa.
The field of Formal Concept Analysis (FCA) originated in the 1980s in Darmstadt as a subfield of mathematical order theory, with prior developments in other research groups. Its original motivation was to consider complete lattices as lattices of concepts, drawing motivation from philosophy and mathematics alike. FCA has since then devel- oped into a wide research area with applications much beyond its original motivation, for example in logic, data mining, learning, and psychology.
The FCA community is mourning the passing of Rudolf Wille on January 22nd 2017 in Bickenbach, Germany. As one of the leading researchers throughout the history of FCA, he was responsible for inventing and shaping many of the fundamental notions of this area. Indeed, the publication of his article ”Restructuring Lattice Theory: An Approach Based on Hierarchies of Concepts” is seen by many as the starting point of Formal Concept Analysis as an independent direction of research. He was head of the FCA research group in Darmstadt from 1983 until his retirement in 2003, and remained an active researcher and contributor thereafter. In 2003, he was among the founding members of the ICFCA conference series.
For this supplementary volume, 13 papers were chosen to be published: four papers judged mature enough to be discussed at the conference and nine papers presented in the demonstration and poster session.
In this paper, research and development of a method for clustering social network users into groups is carried out, based on the description of the films.
We follow a design-based approach to design and evaluate a collaboration tool for code and report sharing in a mixed-major undergraduate minor programme in Data Science for non-STEM students, investigating and enhancing practices of knowledge transfer among students, and analysing connection of exchange participation with educational achievement and the number of student's friends.
The article suggests some possible applications of statistical data analysis to risk management in factoring. The major attention is drawn to fraud risk since it is usually one of the most important forms of risk in factoring.
The Fifth HCT Information Technology Trends (ITT 2018) is a major international research conference for the presentation of innovative ideas, approaches, technologies, research findings and outcomes, best practices and case studies, national and international projects, institutional standards and policies on Emerging Technologies for Artificial Intelligence. ITT 2018 will provide an outstanding forum for researchers, practitioners, students, policy makers, and users to exchange ideas, techniques and tools, raise awareness and share experiences related to all practical and theoretical aspects of Emerging Technologies for Artificial Intelligence, so as to develop solutions related to communications, computer science and engineering, control systems as well as interdisciplinary research and applications.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.