Target Grammar! Изучаем Грамматику!
The authors escribe a method of presenting and studying English grammar using information technology. Sequential memorizing of large blocks of text describing the rules of tense formation is replaced by a one-time remembering simple image - visualization processes. A simple language of symbols facilitate and accelerate the memorization of the rules of English grammar. Tabulated systematic grammar of the English language, where each verb tense gets a finished graphic image, becomes easy to understand and memorize for both a human being and a computer.
Graphic and Functional Algorithms of Sequence of Tenses in English Grammar for the Effective Education and Automated Systems of Text Synthesis and Editing are described.
The article highlights the main problems of the research devoted to teaching Portuguese as a second foreign language to Saint-Petersburg Fine Arts Academy students with the usage of the synesthemic lexical chunks. It addresses such issues as teaching languages for specific purposes, cognitive psychology regarding art students, trilingualism, synaesthesia and synaesthemia, as well as it underpins the choice of the Lexical Approach to teach this group of students.
It is stated in the article that the use of techniques of the lexical approach in a university foreign language course, in particular, an English for Academic Purposes course, contributes to the development of lexical competence. As lexical competence is an integral part of linguistic and, therefore, communicative competence, it constitutes one of the criteria in international examinations, and it is necessary to master it to effectively function in academic settings. The principles and techniques within the approach are outlined, examples from authored textbooks are provided. The activities include tasks on the recognition and use of collocations, synonyms and antonyms, discourse markers, and also word formation. In addition, some techniques which allow teachers to implement the lexical approach with existing materials or encourage learners to work autonomously are suggested. It is concluded, that when the lexical approach is implemented alongside with other approaches and methodologies it gives a teacher instruments to enrich students' language repertoire alongside with providing students with strategies of autonomous work and lexical items for functioning in academic contexts.
The article describe optimal graphic language of presenting and studying English grammar using information technology. Instead of sequential memorizing large blocks of test describing the rules for grammar tenses we can instantly remember simple images. A simple language of symbols facilitates and accelerates The memorization of English grammar. Systematic tabulation of grammar rules, where each verb tense gels i(s finished graphic image, becomes easy to understand and quick to memorize.
Institutions affect investment decisions, including investments in human capital. Hence institutions are relevant for the allocation of talent. Good market-supporting institutions attract talent to productive value-creating activities, whereas poor ones raise the appeal of rent-seeking. We propose a theoretical model that predicts that more talented individuals are particularly sensitive in their career choices to the quality of institutions, and test these predictions on a sample of around 95 countries of the world. We find a strong positive association between the quality of institutions and graduation of college and university students in science, and an even stronger negative correlation with graduation in law. Our findings are robust to various specifications of empirical models, including smaller samples of former colonies and transition countries. The quality of human capital makes the distinction between educational choices under strong and weak institutions particularly sharp. We show that the allocation of talent is an important link between institutions and growth.