Grinchenko, Gelinada, and Natalia Khanenko-Friesen (eds.), Reclaiming the Personal: Oral History in Post-Socialist Scholarship. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2015
The monograph is devoted to the oral history of the events of World War II. Eyewitness survivors of the dramatic events - from the Finnish Occupation of Soviet Karelia to the experienc of Ukrainian and Russian Ostarbaiters who worked in German labor camps, children in concentration camps, - represent the other side of the war, voiced not only by those who fought at the front, but also lived and worked at this difficult time.
In the chapter on the example of biographical interviews with Ostarbeiter is considered the phenomenon of biography injured by historical experience. On a theoretical level we analyze the phenomenon of trauma (P.Shtompka, A.Zdravomyslov, Y.Ryuzen et al.). The crisis of meaning, biographical ruptures, incoherence in biography are a reaction to catastrophic experience, experienced collectively and destroys the very possibility of its interpretation. Empirical research has revealed a number of strategies to normalize the biography, which are designed 1) on the level path traveled life's journey, committed social action, and 2) on the level of narrative solutions in stories of trauma - silence, fragmentation, dehronologization.