Beyond Money: social roots of health and well-being
This book offers a comprehensive review of how social relationships foster well-being and health at various stages of life. By explicitly focusing on three main stages of a person’s life, this book guides the reader through the influences of social relationships on the quality of life in adolescence, adulthood, and old age. Moreover, the book investigates the causal, very often psychological, mechanisms linking social relationships with quality of life. Building on the works of economists, sociologists, communication experts, psychologists and public health experts, this book provides an in-depth description of the possible mechanisms that make social relationships pivotal in people’s life.
The paper aims to reveal the effects of employment type (permanent/temporary, formal/informal, self-employed/hired, part-time/full-time) on subjective well-being across Europe (27 countries). At the end of the 20th century, a higher demand for flexible labour relations was accompanied by a value shift towards the expansion of individual freedom, tolerance, and creativity. As previous research shows, non-permanent jobs often bring losses in wages, income instability, uncertainty about the future, and job dissatisfaction. This leads us to expect that flexible working relations could contribute to unhappiness and life dissatisfaction. We use the European Social Survey (2010) as an empirical basis for the analysis. The main tested idea of the paper is that countries with more liberal labour legislation have higher rates of subjective well-being as fewer people are employed on a temporary basis. The results from the regression analysis show that temporary and informal employment negatively affect subjective well-being, whereas self-employment influences subjective well-being positively. A strict employment protection legislation has negative impact on subjective well-being, especially for informal workers and temporary contractors