Методические указания по изучению курса «Взаимодействие бизнеса и государства»
Methodical instructions are made according to the program of a course for discipline «State and business inter-action», approved on chair ET&ep of SPbSEU. In them are included: the characteristic of the purposes and problems of studying of a course, distribution of class periods, methodical recommendations about discipline studying «State and business interaction», plans of seminar occupations, the list of the main and additional literature, scope of independent works (essay) and methodical instructions on their performance. Work is intended for students 4 courses of day form of education, the preparation direction – 080100 «Economy», qualification (degree) of the graduate – the bachelor.
Climate change is already happening and negatively affecting agricultural production in Russia, particularly the crops production, as one of the most bulnerable to weather and climatic factors. First part of the publication presents the economic valuation of climate change impacts on crops production on the national level. In the second part of it we present findings of the case studies in two Russian agricultural provinces, where the negative impacts of climate change are clearly observed. In conclusion, we consider possible options for adaptation of Russian agriculture to climate change.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.