The swelling and mechanical properties of vanadium and V-Ti (10-35 at. % Ti) and V-Ti-Cr (20 at. % Ti, 10 at. % Cr) alloys after neutron irradiation in the BOR-60 fast reactor to a total fluence of 1023 neutron/cm2 in the temperature range 350-830°C are studied. The samples are irradiated in sealed lithium-filled ampules. The swelling of the vanadium and alloy samples after irradiation is no more than 0.2%. Adding 10-35 at. % Ti to vanadium suppresses the low-temperature radiational embrittlement of the alloy; this effect is greatest with 35 at. % Ti. In the temperature range 700-1000°C, high-temperature radiational embrittlement appears in the alloy with 35 at. % Ti, but not in the alloy with 10 at. % Ti. Simultaneous alloying with 20 at. % Ti and 10 at. % Cr leads to the appearance of low-temperature radiational embrittlement of the alloy. The variation in the mechanical properties of the alloys on neutron irradiation is analyzed, taking account of the phase diagrams, and the limiting titanium and chromium content in the alloy is determined
Big History has been developing very fast indeed. We are currently observing a ‘Cambrian explosion’ in terms of its popularity and diffusion. Big History courses are taught in the schools and universities of several dozen countries, including China, Korea, the Netherlands, the USA, India, Russia, Japan, Australia, Great Britain, Germany, and many more. The International Big History Association (IBHA) is gaining momentum in its projects and membership. Conferences are beginning to be held regularly (this edited volume has been prepared on the basis of the proceedings of the International Big History Association Inaugural Conference [see below for details]). Hundreds of researchers are involved in studying and teaching Big History.
The structure and operation algorithm for an electronic reference book on non-electrical measurements are considered. The reference book comprises both databases and knowledge bases.
All papers published in this volume of IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the proceedings Editors. Reviews were conducted by expert referees to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing.
The problem of optimizing the size of municipalities in order to achieve the greatest administration efficiency is raised. The results of socio-economic survey of five small villages in Slovakia are sited, basing the identification of the factors that contribute to and limit the process of merging small municipalities.
The dynamics of a two-component Davydov-Scott (DS) soliton with a small mismatch of the initial location or velocity of the high-frequency (HF) component was investigated within the framework of the Zakharov-type system of two coupled equations for the HF and low-frequency (LF) fields. In this system, the HF field is described by the linear Schrödinger equation with the potential generated by the LF component varying in time and space. The LF component in this system is described by the Korteweg-de Vries equation with a term of quadratic influence of the HF field on the LF field. The frequency of the DS soliton`s component oscillation was found analytically using the balance equation. The perturbed DS soliton was shown to be stable. The analytical results were confirmed by numerical simulations.
Radiation conditions are described for various space regions, radiation-induced effects in spacecraft materials and equipment components are considered and information on theoretical, computational, and experimental methods for studying radiation effects are presented. The peculiarities of radiation effects on nanostructures and some problems related to modeling and radiation testing of such structures are considered.
This volume presents new results in the study and optimization of information transmission models in telecommunication networks using different approaches, mainly based on theiries of queueing systems and queueing networks .
The paper provides a number of proposed draft operational guidelines for technology measurement and includes a number of tentative technology definitions to be used for statistical purposes, principles for identification and classification of potentially growing technology areas, suggestions on the survey strategies and indicators. These are the key components of an internationally harmonized framework for collecting and interpreting technology data that would need to be further developed through a broader consultation process. A summary of definitions of technology already available in OECD manuals and the stocktaking results are provided in the Annex section.