Zen-Life: Ikkyu and Beyond
This book examines Japanese culture of the Muromachi epoch (14-16 centuries) with Ikkyu Sojun (1394-1481) as its focal point. Ikkyu's contribution to the culture of his time was all-embracing and unique. He can be called the embodiment of his era, given that all the features typical for the Japanese culture of the High Middle Ages were concentrated in his personality. This multidisciplinary study of Ikkyu's artistic, religious, and philosophical heritage reconstructs his creative mentality and his way of life. The aesthetics and art of Ikkyu are shown against a broad historical background. Much emphasis is given to Ikkyu's interpretation of Zen. The book discusses in great detail Ikkyu's religious and ethical principles, as well as his attitude towards sex, and shows that his rebellious and iconoclastic ways were deeply embedded in the tradition. The book pulls together materials from cultural and religious history with literary and visual artistic texts, and offers a multifaceted view on Ikkyu, as well as on the cultural life of the Muromachi period. This approach ensures that the book will be interesting for art historians, historians of literature and religion, and specialists in cultural and visual studies.
This articleresearches the place of living stones in Japanese culture, from the archaic myth to the modern superstitions and ritual practices.
A monograph about Ikkyu Sojun (1394-1481), Japanese Zen monk, poet, artist, calligrapher and the embodiment of cultural and spiritual life of his time, Muromachi epoch.
A brief history of evolution of Japanese political culture.
This article investigates the meaning of the title and sur-heading of Hokusai Manga (subsequently in this text – HM) and provides a detailed analysis of the term manga which is difficult to understand and translate. In doing so, it puts HM into the context of the early modern Japanese picture-books and offers an attempt to classify its genre.
"Hokusai manga" occupies a special place in the artistic heritage of Katsushika Hokusai. In its 15 volumes with ca. four thousand of figures and subjects, Hokusai created an encyclopedia of old Japan in pictures. This articles investigates the beginnings of the manga genre and pays a special attention for the interpretation of the enigmatic words "denshin kaishu" in its title. A problem of collaboration of Hokusai with other artists is discussed as well as the forms of his personal output.
Despite arduous missionary efforts and considerable amounts of money spent upon Christian evangelistic activities, Christianity remains in great minority in Japan, numbeer of its proponents being at the rate about 1-2% of the whole population of the country. In comparison, in the neighbouring China the total Christian population is about 5-10 % of the whole population, and in Korea - 30-50%. This article attempts to describe factors that have had negative influence upon the spread of Christianity in the country.
This book is the translation (enlarged and modified, as well as furnished with the Foreword and commentaries of the translator) of the monograph Ikkyu Sojun: The Creative Personality in the Medieval Japanese Context (Moscow: Nauka, 1987). The translator, Dr. Peter Raff, is well known for his mission to introduce books of Russian Japanologists to the German reader. The subject of the book is the complex analysis of medieval Japanese culture with the focal point on the legacy of Ikkyu Sojun, the prominent poet, artist, and religious authority of the Zen school.
The works of the 5th vonference of youn japanologists (Moscow, 2013). The articles are dedicated to the variety of themes on Japan: history, economics, intellectual history, international relations.
The article considers the Views of L. N. Tolstoy not only as a representative, but also as a accomplisher of the Enlightenment. A comparison of his philosophy with the ideas of Spinoza and Diderot made it possible to clarify some aspects of the transition to the unique Tolstoy’s religious and philosophical doctrine. The comparison of General and specific features of the three philosophers was subjected to a special analysis. Special attention is paid to the way of thinking, the relation to science and the specifics of the worldview by Tolstoy and Diderot. An important aspect is researched the contradiction between the way of thinking and the way of life of the three philosophers.
Tolstoy's transition from rational perception of life to its religious and existential bases is shown. Tolstoy gradually moves away from the idea of a natural man to the idea of a man, who living the commandments of Christ. Starting from the educational worldview, Tolstoy ended by creation of religious and philosophical doctrine, which were relevant for the 20th century.
This important new book offers the first full-length interpretation of the thought of Martin Heidegger with respect to irony. In a radical reading of Heidegger's major works (from Being and Time through the ‘Rector's Address' and the ‘Letter on Humanism' to ‘The Origin of the Work of Art' and the Spiegel interview), Andrew Haas does not claim that Heidegger is simply being ironic. Rather he argues that Heidegger's writings make such an interpretation possible - perhaps even necessary.
Heidegger begins Being and Time with a quote from Plato, a thinker famous for his insistence upon Socratic irony. The Irony of Heidegger takes seriously the apparently curious decision to introduce the threat of irony even as philosophy begins in earnest to raise the question of the meaning of being. Through a detailed and thorough reading of Heidegger's major texts and the fundamental questions they raise, Haas reveals that one of the most important philosophers of the 20th century can be read with as much irony as earnestness. The Irony of Heidegger attempts to show that the essence of this irony lies in uncertainty, and that the entire project of onto-heno-chrono-phenomenology, therefore needs to be called into question.
The article is concerned with the notions of technology in essays of Ernst and Friedrich Georg Jünger. The special problem of the connection between technology and freedom is discussed in the broader context of the criticism of culture and technocracy discussion in the German intellectual history of the first half of the 20th century.