Proceedings of the 16th International Multiconference Information Society - IS 2013, October 7th – 11th, 2013, Ljubljana, Slovenia
Proceedings of the 16th International interdisciplinary scientific multiconference “Information Society”, considering topical technical and social problems of modern information society
The paper presents a new look at the process of education when the values of the student act like a lighthouse for the teacher at the moment of presenting material and arranging the process of education, the process of acquiring knowledge. The following new scientific statements and methods are described: (a) why the problem of secure living in modern information society demands developing and realizing the methods of much earlier socialization of children than its is usually done now; (b) why it is necessary to differentiate the methods of teaching in accordance with the values of the learners; (c) how to split young children in two groups: children with preponderance of material values and with preponderance of sublime values; (d) how to differentiate the methods of teaching for each of these groups; (e) what is cognitive engagement of the learners and how to achieve it at lessons for educational success in case of each of two values-homogeneous groups. As a result, a new psychological and educational paradigm is presented, it was developed under the framework of a new scientific discipline – cognitonics.
The positive psychology movement fulfills a shift from the accent on repairing weakness to the enhancement of positive qualities of the personality and preventing the problems before the moment when these problems arise. The publications on positive psychology allow for distinguishing a factor being especially beneficial to well-being, this factor is called mindfulness. Generalizing a number of available definitions of this concept, mindfulness can be characterized as the ability to maximally proceed from the context while taking decisions in any situations. The paper sets forth the deep connections of cognitonics with the positive psychology movement. Cognitonics is a new scientific discipline aiming at compensating the negative shifts in the cognitive-emotional development of personality and society caused by stormy progress of information and communication technologies and globalization processes. It is shown that cognitonics suggests a system of original, mindfulness-based educational methods supporting effective cognitive-emotional development of the personality in modern information society.