Поколения ВШЭ. Учителя об учителях
There is a gap in knowledge in studies in innovative entrepreneurship development regarding the required level of education for innovative Russian entrepreneurs, which is necessary for independent business development in Russia. This paper attempts to find out extra managerial and innovative skills that are useful for further development of new innovative enterprises. To do this we made a survey of professional experience and education of Russian startup founders. We collected 92 CVs, which are our base for this research. Results are following: the majority of innovative entrepreneurs work in IT, they have a higher educational degree in Computer Science and Mathematics, and they have a professional experience including managerial one in large firms. The minority have an education related to innovative entrepreneurship and a third have MBA degree. Finally, we made conclusions about the further education of innovative entrepreneurs, which is based on knowledge management theories.
Confidence and overconfidence are essential aspects of human nature, but measuring (over)confidence is not easy. Our approach is to consider students' forecasts of their exam grades. Part of a student's grade expectation is based on the student's previous academic achievements; what remains can be interpreted as (over)confidence. Our results are based on a sample of about five hundred second-year undergraduate students enrolled in a statistics course in Moscow. The course contains three exams and each student produces a forecast for each of the three exams. Our models allow us to estimate overconfidence quantitatively. Using these models we find that students' expectations are not rational and that most students are overconfident, in agreement with the general literature. Less obvious is that overconfidence helps: given the same academic achievement students with larger confidence obtain higher exam grades. Female students are less overconfident than male students, their forecasts are more rational, and they are also faster learners in the sense that they adjust their expectations more rapidly.
Today the demand is growing for information security experts capable of analyzing problems and making decisions in business situations that involve risk or uncertainty. These skills can be acquired through systematic studying of various information security incidents. In this paper we propose a framework of methods, tools and taxonomies for analysis of case studies in information security field. Our framework allows to study every situation in a formal rather than ad-hoc way, and apply a wide range of threat modeling, risk analysis and project management techniques under lifelike conditions. We illustrate it by providing a case study based on a real conflict situation between a free email service provider and a commercial bank.