Поколения ВШЭ. Учителя об учителях
The article analyzes early (16-17th c.) German printed primers and textbooks to find out who were their supposed users. The authors of these textbooks - mostly Protestant teachers - simetimes specified in the titles, prefaces, and the main text whom they imagined as their audience. This might include their colleagues as well as students (children as well as adults), and people who wanted to learn to read on their own. Knowing the biographies of some of the authors and the attitude of Martin Luther and other Church reformers to literacy, we can conclude that the most likely primer users were Lutherans. Based of the language it can further be assumed that the audience were High German rather than Low German speakers.
The author appealed to the poorly developed in the Russian historiography of the topic of cooperation between the USSR and North Korea in the field of education in the 1946-1948 years. Long before the establishment of the DPRK in 1948 the state began to close cooperation of these countries was initiated in 1946. On the basis of archival materials SARF, RGASPI published works in the article attempts to trace the steps of co-operation in the field of education, preparation of experts in different fields of industry, culture and science. In 1946, several hundred students from North Korea and other socialist countries have been adopted in Soviet universities. The costs incurred by the Soviet Union to train foreign students, for one only year (1946-1947 academic year) reached very large amounts. Attention is paid to the goals and objectives conducted by the Soviet state policy toward North Korea formed a new government. Soviet Union provided international assistance, often free, to a great extent was detrimental to Soviet people. The study presented aspect is important in terms of a clear understanding of the policy of the two states, the formation of the main directions in the relations between the two countries at the moment, so organically linked with the past.
Having considered in the context of educational subject, Heidegger's existential analytics of Dasein indicates that the epistemological issue of explanation is changing to the existential issue of understanding in Heidegger's ontology. Therefore Heidegger considers «education» in the sense of existential relation as the ability of Dasein to reach own being in its genuineness and entirety, which Dasein always anticipates in understanding. On this basis Heidegger defines education as transcending being, which he names «openness», similarly to Scheler.
The article examines patterns of legitimization used in early modern German primers and textbooks. The authors, mostly Protestant teachers, justified their respective decisions to publish a textbook, their choices of material and its arrangement within the book by referring to the good and bad precedents as well as to the advantages of the solution proposed by themselves.