Поколения ВШЭ. Учителя об учителях
The article presents epistemological and methodological analysis of biography and psychological and pedagogical ideas of the famous scientist-humanistician of Silver Age of the Russian culture Konstantin Ventsel. The paper provides characteristics of the philosophical and pedagogical theory of liberal education and pedagogical practice of liberal school developed by Ventsel from the point of view of refl exive acmeology and personology of creativity. The authors examine philosophical background of the concept of creative person, its genesis in the context of philosophical and psychological debates of the late XIX — early XX centuries. The research emphasizes the continuity of Ventsel’s life experience, his philosophical basis, psychological theory and pedagogical ideas. Through historical-philosophical reconstruction the authors expose dependence of the Ventsel’s theory on ethical and psychological debates in the Russian Silver Age Culture (religious Tolstoyism, philosophic voluntarism, political ideas of “Narodnaya Volya” movement, legal Marxism), as well as in post-Kantian European philosophy (in particular, concerning the problem of free will). While the Ventsel’s pedagogical project is interpreted as an actualization of his ethical, philosophical and psychological ideas. In this holistic psychological and pedagogical context, the article demonstrates the signifi cance of the Ventsel’s pre-acmeological theory of a creative personality development for further development of acmeology.
Today the demand is growing for information security experts capable of analyzing problems and making decisions in business situations that involve risk or uncertainty. These skills can be acquired through systematic studying of various information security incidents. In this paper we propose a framework of methods, tools and taxonomies for analysis of case studies in information security field. Our framework allows to study every situation in a formal rather than ad-hoc way, and apply a wide range of threat modeling, risk analysis and project management techniques under lifelike conditions. We illustrate it by providing a case study based on a real conflict situation between a free email service provider and a commercial bank.
The author appealed to the poorly developed in the Russian historiography of the topic of cooperation between the USSR and North Korea in the field of education in the 1946-1948 years. Long before the establishment of the DPRK in 1948 the state began to close cooperation of these countries was initiated in 1946. On the basis of archival materials SARF, RGASPI published works in the article attempts to trace the steps of co-operation in the field of education, preparation of experts in different fields of industry, culture and science. In 1946, several hundred students from North Korea and other socialist countries have been adopted in Soviet universities. The costs incurred by the Soviet Union to train foreign students, for one only year (1946-1947 academic year) reached very large amounts. Attention is paid to the goals and objectives conducted by the Soviet state policy toward North Korea formed a new government. Soviet Union provided international assistance, often free, to a great extent was detrimental to Soviet people. The study presented aspect is important in terms of a clear understanding of the policy of the two states, the formation of the main directions in the relations between the two countries at the moment, so organically linked with the past.
Studies on socioeconomic health disparities often suffer from a lack of uniform data and methodology. Using high quality, census-linked data and sensible inequality measures, this study documents the changes in absolute and relative mortality differences by education in Finland, Norway and Sweden over the period 1971 to 2000. The age-standardised mortality rates and the population exposures for three educational categories were computed from detailed data provided by the national statistical offices. Mortality disparities by education were assessed using two range measures (rate differences and rate ratios), and two Gini-like measures (the average inter-group difference (AID) and the Gini coefficient (G)). The formulae for the decomposition of the change in the AID into (1) the contribution of change in population composition by education, and (2) the contribution of mortality change were introduced. Mortality decreases were often greater for high than for medium and low education. Both relative and absolute mortality disparities tend to increase over time. The magnitude and timing of the increases in absolute disparities vary by country. The contributions of the changes in population composition to the total AID increase were substantial in all countries, and for both sexes. The mortality contributions were substantial for males in Norway and Sweden. The study reports increases in absolute mortality disparity, and its components.