Африка в контексте Юг-Север: Материалы IX конференции африканистов, Москва, 21-23 мая
The fiftieth anniversary is approaching of the year which has entered the world history as "The Year of Аfrica". In 1960 seventeen new Аfrican states appeared on the map of the world. In connection with this anniversary the summing up of the results is beginning in Аfrica and the whole world: what has this half-century road been like? What difficulties, achievements, mistakes have been on this road? It is necessary also to track the road of science in the field of Аfrican studies, to estimate to what degree its predictions have come true, what achievements, difficulties, mistakes it has had. In his article the author unifies the analysis of scientific achievements with what he saw himself when he was a student and a post-graduate student from the end of the 1940-s to the middle of the 1950-s, and he stresses what is important in this country's Аfrican studies and what is not clear enough to people who came to science at a later time.
The publication is the latest in the African Studies in Russia series of compilations which contain reviews and annotations of the most important – from the point of view of editors – works of Russian Africanists over a certain period. The authors work at the Institute of African Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), other institutions of the RAS, or in Russian higher education institutions. The present issue covers the years 2008 to 2009 and consists of three sections and an appendix. The first section outlines some main contents of conceptual articles on Africa published in authoritative Russian journals. The second one offers synopses of books by Russian authors on history, economics, cultural anthropology, social and political development, and international relations of African countries. The third section contains information on the most significant events in African Studies in Russia (conferences, symposia, etc.). The appendix provides a bibliography of publications on Africa published in Russia in 2008–2009. The main objective of the series of compilations, which come out every 2–3 years, is to introduce new findings of Russian Africanists to interested foreign scholars who do not speak Russian.
This article deals with the main problems and issues that have been arisen around the complex and ambiguous situation in the Russian Oriental and African Studies towards the ways of representation, interpretation and evaluation of the Libyan-Chadian conflict in the second half of the twentieth century.
The author investigated the genesis of approaches and assessments of Soviet Oriental School, as well as its heritage had an impact on the development of Libyan Studies in post-Soviet Russia.
He systematized the body of historiographical works on the subject; defined the range of the most controversial issues; identified a number of information gaps and inconsistencies with foreign studies, described their causes; highlighted the main vectors and most perspective cases for study, which were found and developed by the Soviet and Russian scholars.
Could there be any connection between the Zulus and the Kazakhs as early as the 19th century? Between remote parts of Russia and South Africa? According to some archival documents, people from these two countries did know something about one another and had started to form mutual images of one another even in that epoch. And this led to contacts direct or indirect. The available evidence is fragmentary, often contradictory and sometimes difficult to interpret. But it is there.
The paper is focused on the study of reaction of italian literature critics on the publication of the Boris Pasternak's novel "Doctor Jivago". The analysys of the book ""Doctor Jivago", Pasternak, 1958, Italy" (published in Russian language in "Reka vremen", 2012, in Moscow) is given. The papers of italian writers, critics and historians of literature, who reacted immediately upon the publication of the novel (A. Moravia, I. Calvino, F.Fortini, C. Cassola, C. Salinari ecc.) are studied and analised.
In the article the patterns of the realization of emotional utterances in dialogic and monologic speech are described. The author pays special attention to the characteristic features of the speech of a speaker feeling psychic tension and to the compositional-pragmatic peculiarities of dialogic and monologic text.