Изменения в доходах и потреблении российских домашних хозяйств: от бедности к среднему классу
In this paper we propose and implement a mechanism of modeling the price indices of food purchases by income groups of households. These indices could be interpreted as differentiated by income food inflation. This approach is based on the differences in prices of purchases for the income groups within each year. We provide the calculations of these indices for the RLMS data and Households Budget Survey conducted by Rosstat (HBS). We discuss possible modifications of the proposed procedure for goals of forecasting of inflation differentiated by income groups. In the result of the comparison with direct calculation of inflation separately for each income group we conclude that the proposed in the paper approach has several advantages, including lower requirements of amount of incoming information.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.
This article is talking about state management and cultural policy, their nature and content in term of the new tendency - development of postindustrial society. It mentioned here, that at the moment cultural policy is the base of regional political activity and that regions can get strong competitive advantage if they are able to implement cultural policy successfully. All these trends can produce elements of new economic development.